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In the 12 years since it was first published, the "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" (the Vancouver style), developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, has been widely accepted by both authors and editors; more than 400 journals have stated that they will consider manuscripts that conform to its(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined the relationship between the bacteriological contamination of drinking water from private wells and acute gastrointestinal illness (AGII), using current government standards for safe drinking water. METHODS A prospective cohort study was conducted using 235 households (647 individuals) randomly selected from four rural(More)
Growing evidence demonstrates widespread deficiencies in the reporting of health research studies. The EQUATOR Network is an international initiative that aims to enhance the reliability and value of the published health research literature. EQUATOR provides resources, education and training to facilitate good research reporting and assists in the(More)
s editors of general medical journals, we recognize that the publication of clinical-research findings in respected peer-reviewed journals is the ultimate basis for most treatment decisions. Public discourse about this published evidence of efficacy and safety rests on the assumption that clinical-trials data have been gathered and are presented in an(More)
In September 2004, the members of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) published a joint editorial aimed at promoting registration of all clinical trials [1]. We stated that we will consider a trial for publication only if it has been registered before the enrollment of the first patient. This policy applies to trials that start(More)
Although current electronic methods of scientific publishing offer increased opportunities for publishing all research studies and describing them in sufficient detail, health research literature still suffers from many shortcomings. These shortcomings seriously undermine the value and utility of the literature and waste scarce resources invested in the(More)
Inadequate reporting is problematic for several reasons. If authors do not provide sufficient details concerning the conduct of their study, readers are left with an incomplete picture of what was done. As such, they are not able to judge the merits of the results and interpret them. The EQUATOR Network is a new initiative aimed at improving the clarity and(More)
Competing interests: We are all involved in health-care initiatives and research that should benefit from wide uptake of reporting guidelines. editors and peer reviewers, the quality of health-research reporting in journal articles is unsatisfactory. 1–6 Guidelines that specify a minimum set of items for reporting can improve the accuracy and transparency(More)
A conflict of interest is defined as "a set of conditions in which professional judgment concerning a primary interest (such as a patient's welfare or the validity of research) tends to be unduly influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain)" [Thompson DF. Understanding financial conflicts of interest. N Engl J Med 1993;329(8):573-576].(More)