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Dolichol-phosphate-mannose (DPM) synthase generates mannosyl donors for glycosylphosphatidylinositols, N-glycan and protein O- and C-mannosylation. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, this enzyme is encoded by DPM1. We reported previously that mammalian DPM synthase contains catalytic DPM1 and regulatory DPM2 subunits, and that DPM1 requires DPM2 for its stable(More)
Glycosylphosphatidylinositols (GPIs) are attached to the C-termini of many proteins, thereby acting as membrane anchors. Biosynthesis of GPI is initiated by GPI-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (GPI-GnT), which transfers N-acetylglucosamine from UDP- N-acetylglucosamine to phosphatidylinositol. GPI-GnT is a uniquely complex glycosyltransferase, consisting of(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and their antagonists are involved in the axial patterning of vertebrate embryos. We report that both BMP-3b and BMP-3 dorsalize Xenopus embryos, but act as dissimilar antagonists within the BMP family. BMP-3b injected into Xenopus embryos triggered secondary head formation in an autonomous manner, whereas BMP-3 induced(More)
OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that the plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) level reflects atrial degenerative change and may predict the outcome of the maze procedure. BACKGROUND Although a larger preoperative left atrial dimension and longer duration of atrial fibrillation (AF) have been reported in patients with persistent AF than in those with sinus(More)
We recently reported that a mutation (-786T-->C) in the promoter region of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene reduced transcription of the gene and was strongly associated with coronary spastic angina and myocardial infarction. To elucidate the molecular mechanism for the reduced eNOS gene transcription, we have now purified a protein that(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein-3 and 3b (BMP-3 and BMP-3b) together represent a unique subgroup of the BMP family. BMP-3b shares 82% amino acid identity with BMP-3 in the mature region (ligand domain), but only 37% in the pro-region (pro-domain). In osteoblasts, BMP-3 and 3b have similar antagonistic activity against BMP-2, but they are differentially(More)
Adrenomedullin (AM) is a potent hypotensive peptide recently discovered from human pheochromocytoma tissue by its stimulating activity of platelet cAMP production. In this study, we have isolated the gene for human AM from a human genomic library and determined its structure. The genomic DNA of human AM consists of 4 exons and 3 introns, and the 5' flanking(More)
BACKGROUND Mice lacking guanylyl cyclase-A (GC-A), a natriuretic peptide receptor, have pressure-independent cardiac hypertrophy. However, the mechanism underlying GC-A-mediated inhibition of cardiac hypertrophy remains to be elucidated. In the present report, we examined the role of regulator of G-protein signaling subtype 4 (RGS4), a GTPase activating(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) migrate to injured vascular endothelium and differentiate into mature endothelial cells. We investigated whether transplantation of vasodilator gene-transduced EPCs ameliorates monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats. METHODS AND RESULTS We obtained EPCs from cultured human(More)
BMP-3b (also termed GDF-10) is a novel BMP-3 related protein recently discovered in rat femur tissue by molecular cloning. In this paper, we have isolated cDNA and the gene for human BMP-3b and determined their structure. Cloned human BMP-3b cDNA with a size of 2632 base pairs encodes a 478 amino acid precursor protein sharing 83% identity with rat BMP-3b.(More)