J Herbert Waite

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Variation in the adhesive protein gene sequences of Mytilus edulis, M. galloprovincialis, and M. trossulus collected in Delaware, Kamaishi (Japan), and Alaska, respectively, was analyzed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using two sets of oligonucleotide primers. The first set, Me 13 and Me 14, was designed to amplify the repetitive region. The length(More)
An unusual polymorphic protein family of nine or more variants has been isolated from the byssal adhesive plaques and foot of the marine mussel Mytilus edulis. In accordance with established terminology, the family is referred to as M. edulis foot protein 3 or simply Mefp-3. Variants of Mefp-3 have molecular masses of about 6 kDa, isoelectric points greater(More)
Mussels attach to solid surfaces in the sea. Their adhesion must be rapid, strong, and tough, or else they will be dislodged and dashed to pieces by the next incoming wave. Given the dearth of synthetic adhesives for wet polar surfaces, much effort has been directed to characterizing and mimicking essential features of the adhesive chemistry practiced by(More)
  • J H Waite
  • Comparative biochemistry and physiology. B…
  • 1990
1. 3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl-L-alanine (DOPA)-containing proteins are widely distributed throughout the animal kingdom and appear to serve chiefly as waterproof adhesives and varnishes. 2. The unique chemical and physical stability of these adhesives and varnishes is imparted by quinone-tanning, an oxidative process that leads to the polymerization of(More)
The byssus of the zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha is the key element of its adhesive strategy. It consists of a bundle of threads tipped by adhesive plaques and attached to the mussel at the base of its byssal-synthesizing organ, the foot. Two polyphenolic protein precursors of the byssus have been purified from the foot. These precursors, Dpfp-1 and(More)
The zebra mussel is a nonindigenous invader of North American lakes and rivers and one of the few freshwater bivalve molluscs having a byssus--a sclerotized organ used by the mussel for opportunistic attachment to hard surfaces. We have sequenced a foot-specific cDNA whose composite protein sequence was deduced from a series of overlapping but occasionally(More)
Mussels adhere to a variety of surfaces by depositing a highly specific ensemble of 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-l-alanine (DOPA) containing proteins. The adhesive properties of Mytilus edulis foot proteins mfp-1 and mfp-3 were directly measured at the nano-scale by using a surface forces apparatus (SFA). An adhesion energy of order W approximately 3 x 10(-4) J/m(2)(More)
Phragmatopoma californica is a marine polychaete that builds protective tubes by joining bits of shell and sand grains with a secreted proteinaceous cement. The cement forms a solid foam (closed cells) via covalent crosslinking, as revealed by electron and laser scanning confocal microscopy. The cement contains extractable calcium and magnesium, and(More)
The mineralized tube of the sandcastle worm Phragmatopoma californica is made from exogenous mineral particles (sand, shell, etc.) glued together with a cement secreted from the "building organ" on the thorax of the worm. The glue is a cross-linked mixture of three highly polar proteins. The complete sequences of Pc-1 (18 kDa) and Pc-2 (21 kDa) were deduced(More)