J. Harlaar

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In models describing the excitation of muscle by the central nervous system, it is often assumed that excitation during a tetanic contraction can be obtained by the linear summation of responses to individual stimuli, from which the active state of the muscle is calculated. We investigate here the extent to which such a model describes the excitation of(More)
Sagittal balance of the spine is becoming an important issue in the assessment of the degree of spinal deformity. On a standing lateral full-length radiograph of the spine, the plumb line, or sagittal vertical axis (SVA), can be used to determine the spinal sagittal balance. In this procedure patients have to adopt a habitual standing position with the(More)
The tension in a suture is an important factor in the process of wound healing. If there is too much tension in the suture, the blood flow is restricted and necrosis can occur. If the tension is too low, the incision opens up and cannot heal properly. The purpose of this paper is to describe the design and evaluation of the Stitch Force (SF) sensor and the(More)
BACKGROUND Incisional hernia is a frequent complication of midline laparotomy and is associated with high morbidity, decreased quality of life, and high costs. We aimed to compare the large bites suture technique with the small bites technique for fascial closure of midline laparotomy incisions. METHODS We did this prospective, multicentre, double-blind,(More)
BACKGROUND The median laparotomy is frequently used by abdominal surgeons to gain rapid and wide access to the abdominal cavity with minimal damage to nerves, vascular structures and muscles of the abdominal wall. However, incisional hernia remains the most common complication after median laparotomy, with reported incidences varying between 2-20%. Recent(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term data on chronic pain after endoscopic total extraperitoneal (TEP) hernia repair are hardly available. METHODS Between January 1997 and December 1998, 416 patients with consecutive primary and recurrent inguinal hernia underwent endoscopic TEP hernia repair. Long-term follow-up evaluation was carried out from June 2007 to June 2008.(More)
BACKGROUND The use of natural openings for abdominal surgery started at the beginning of the 21st century. A trans-Douglas endoscopic device has been designed to perform most of the intra-abdominal operations in women through the pouch of Douglas. The posterior vaginal vault is limited in size and could be damaged by an oversized instrument. This study(More)
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