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The principal behaviorally active volatile component (ca. 90% +) of the sex pheromone glands ofLutzomyia longipalpis from Jacobina. Brazil, has been isolated and characterized as a novel homosesquiterpene with the structure 3-methyl-α-himachalene (C16H26). A minor component (ca. 10%) of the gland extract has also been identified as the… (More)
Lutzomyia longipalpis, the main sandfly vector for New World visceral leishmaniasis is a complex of an as yet undefined number of sibling species. At present, there is no consensus on the status (single species vs. species complex) of Brazilian populations. We applied five microsatellite loci to test the hypothesis that L. longipalpis occurs as two… (More)
BACKGROUND Lutzomyia longipalpis is the primary vector of American visceral leishmaniasis. There is strong evidence that L. longipalpis is a species complex, but until recently the existence of sibling species among Brazilian populations was considered a controversial issue. In addition, there is still no consensus regarding the number of species occurring… (More)
We present the results of recording male courtship songs of the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis. The striking differences in the songs from 3 Brazilian populations of this sandfly with 3 distinct male pheromones support the 3 sibling species previously proposed based on this characteristic.
The principal volatile component (99 + %) of the sex pheromone glands ofLutzomyia longipalpis from Lapinha, Brazil, has been isolated and characterized as a novel homosesquiterpene with the specific structure proposed as 9-methylgermacrene-B, (E,E)-8-(1-methylethylidenyl)-1,5,10-trimethyl-1,5-cyclodecadiene.
The terpene components of extracts prepared from male Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) collected from four sites in Honduras and one in Costa Rica were analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography, gas chromatography and coupled gas chromatography--mass spectrometry. The terpene components of Lu. longipalpis from other regions of South… (More)
Two major components have been detected in the headspace volatiles of adult male Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) that are not present in the headspace volatiles of adult females. The compounds were identified as (R)-lavandulyl acetate and neryl (S)-2-methylbutanoate by comparison with synthetic standards using gas… (More)
Male Lutzomyia longipalpis produce terpene sex pheromones in glandular tissue underlying the cuticle. The pheromones are transmitted to the surface via cuticle-lined ducts (measuring 0.25 microm in diameter), each of which reaches the surface in the centre of a papule (measuring 3-3.5 microm in diameter). Similar papules, in a range of shapes but all… (More)
Larvae of the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis are known to produce an anal droplet containing decyl acetate (10Ac) and dodecyl acetate (12Ac), which act as an alarm pheromone. Analysis by GC showed that the combined mass of 10Ac and 12Ac per droplet increased with age of second instars from 2 ng to 18 ng, while the mass ratio of 10Ac:12Ac… (More)