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In six anaesthetised and ventilated dogs the CSF pulse pressure was compared with the volume-pressure response (VPR) during continuous inflation of an extradural balloon. Both pulse pressure and VPR increased linearly with the ventricular fluid pressure (VFP) up to a mean VFP of 60 mmHg. At this pressure a breakpoint occurred above which the CSF pulse(More)
The cerebrospinal fluid pulse pressure (CSFPP) has found application as a measure of intracranial elastance. However, CSFPP is also dependent on the magnitude of the pulsatile variation in cerebral blood volume (delta Vb). The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect on delta Vb of changes in systemic arterial pressure (SAP) and arterial carbon(More)
Nociception and loss of awareness during exposure to anaesthetic concentration of nitrous oxide (N2O) were studied in eight male medical students. The cold water nociception test, where a hand is immersed in 0 degree C stirred water, was used for measurement of nociception. At irregular intervals an auditory command was given to oppose two fingers, and this(More)
Return of motor-responses upon request as an indicator of stimulus processing during apparent unconsciousness in general anesthesia was studied in 8 healthy, male volunteers during prolonged inhalation of nitrous oxide. First the minimal effective concentration of nitrous oxide was established for each volunteer, based upon continued absence of(More)
The application of an integrated gait analysis system in clinical research is described. With this system it is possible to analyse the walking pattern of various groups of patients with regard to foot-floor contact, kinematics and kinetics, using a Selspot system. In order to study various groups of patients an extensive body-segment model adapted to the(More)
Visual evoked potentials (VEP) and auditory evoked potentials (AEP) were studied together with the EEG, in 15 hydrocephalic children who had been shunted previously, and in a control group of 10 normal children. From the control group normal VEP's, AEP's and EEG's were obtained. In all 15 hydrocephalic children the EEG was abnormal. AEP's were normal in 9(More)
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