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BACKGROUND Macrostructural abnormalities in cerebral white matter in patients with myelomeningocele are well known, but microstructural abnormalities are not as well studied. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate cerebral white matter in adolescents with myelomeningocele using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and to investigate the effects of(More)
This study examined the Benton Visual Retention Test (BVRT) with 130 children and adolescents with learning disabilities (LD) who were between the ages of 8 and 13 years of age. Results of factor analysis showed errors scores from the BVRT loaded on a visual processing/memory factor. The measure appears to be sensitive to developmental patterns which was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Infant diets may have significant impact on brain development in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate brain gray matter structure and function in 8-year-old children who were predominantly breastfed or fed cow's milk formula as infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-two healthy children (breastfed: n = 22, 10 boys and 12(More)
We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate functional activity in the brain of adolescents with spina bifida when performing selective attention and response inhibition tasks. We then compared the results to that of age-matched controls. Our results showed that adolescents with spina bifida had decreased frontal and superior parietal(More)
BACKGROUND The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends breastfeeding, which is well known to promote cognitive and behavioral development. The evidence for why this occurs is not well understood. METHODS Fifty-six 7.5- to 8.5-y-old healthy children were breastfed (BF; n = 22, 10 males) or formula-fed (FF; n = 34, 16 males) as infants. All children were(More)
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