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BACKGROUND Although bleeding lesions anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract can cause a positive reaction on guaiac-based fecal occult-blood tests, the relative frequency of upper gastrointestinal and colonic lesions is unknown. METHODS During a period of 30 months, we prospectively studied all patients with at least one stool specimen containing fecal(More)
BACKGROUND Hemorrhage from esophageal varices remains a substantial management problem. Endoscopic sclerotherapy was preferred for more than a decade, but fluoroscopically placed intrahepatic portosystemic stents have recently been used with increasing frequency. OBJECTIVE To compare sclerotherapy with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS)(More)
Impaired cellular and humoral immunity and phagocytic function have been attributed to zinc deficiency. This study examined the association between low serum zinc concentration and opportunistic infections in hospitalized patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). We examined the records from all 505 inpatient consultations performed by(More)
Abnormally low serum zinc levels are associated with advanced states of malnutrition. Zinc levels are thought to parallel serum albumin, and repletion of zinc has reportedly led to increased albumin. We examined the correlation between zinc deficiency and serum proteins in hospitalized patients with AIDS. Over 500 inpatient consultations were performed by(More)
OBJECTIVE Upper gastrointestinal tract (UGI) symptoms are frequent in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but little published information exists about their characteristics or methods of evaluation. We evaluated the prevalence of nonesophageal UGI symptoms in a referral population, the utility of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the long-term consequences of endoscopic therapy for bleeding peptic ulcers. METHODS Eighty-seven consecutive patients who underwent endoscopic treatment for bleeding gastric ulcer (GU) and/or duodenal ulcer (DU) over a 42-month period were identified. Long-term follow-up was available for 76 (mean, 495 days; SEM, 45 days). Therapy(More)
OBJECTIVE Diarrhea commonly occurs in persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The optimal use of endoscopic procedures remains poorly studied for patients with HIV-related diarrhea. The purpose of this study is to compare the diagnostic yield of a complete endoscopic work-up including an esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy to a(More)
The narrow therapeutic window of the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine (CsA), the interindividual variability of its metabolism, and the immunosuppressive activity/toxicity of some metabolites require investigation to correlate the parent substance and its metabolites and observed clinical parameters. Improved knowledge about these correlations may(More)
HYPOTHESIS Cinematic technetium Tc 99m red blood cell ((99m)Tc-RBC) scans, in which real-time scanning is performed and analyzed, can accurately localize gastrointestinal bleeding and thus direct selective surgical intervention. DESIGN Retrospective medical record review with historical controls. SETTING Large, university-affiliated public hospital in(More)
OBJECTIVE current consensus guidelines recommend that all patients demonstrating either a gastric or duodenal ulcer be tested for Helicobacter pylori, the most common cause of ulcers. We determined the clinical utility and cost effectiveness of H. pylori testing in patients with duodenal and gastric ulcers. METHODS A retrospective evaluation and(More)