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Chitosan microparticles were prepared with tripolyphosphate (TPP) by ionic crosslinking. The particle sizes of TPP-chitosan microparticles were in range from 500 to 710 microm and encapsulation efficiencies of drug were more than 90%. The morphologies of TPP-chitosan microparticles were examined with scanning electron microscopy. As pH of TPP solution(More)
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS Cell proliferation and apoptosis are responsible for maintaining normal tissue homeostasis, and K(+) currents play important roles in regulating the physiological balance between them. This function of Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (K(Ca)) channels has been demonstrated in many types of tissues, but not in dermal fibroblasts. We investigated the(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of UV-B on vitamin D 2 concentration in shiitake mushrooms and in white button mushrooms. After the exposure to UV-B, at a dose of 25 kJ/m(2), the concentration of vitamin D(2) was increased to 36.7 +/- 1.4, 68.6 +/- 4.9, and 106.4 +/- 14.7 microg/g (dry weight) for pileus, middle, and gill parts of(More)
We examined the in vitro differentiation of smooth muscle cells from undifferentiated cells of embryonic chicken gizzard. We used the gizzard from 7-day-old embryos (Hamburger and Hamilton's stage 26-28) as a source of culture, since the expression of myosin is extremely low, and the gizzard consists of round cells, which are not stained by anti-smooth(More)
Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) is a well-recognized antimicrobial agent but, application of AITC to food systems is limited due to its high volatility and strong odor. This study was performed to overcome the volatility of AITC by encapsulation using gum Arabic and chitosan and to investigate the effect of microencapsulated AITC as a natural additive on the(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) exhibits biological activities that are considered to have important roles in tumor suppression. Therefore, the IFN-γ gene is a potential candidate for in vivo cytokine gene therapy against skin cancer. The present study evaluated the efficacy of a hydrodynamics-based IFN-γ gene transfection for skin cancer treatment, in which the(More)
Antiferroelectrics are essential ingredients for the widely applied piezoelectric and ferroelectric materials: the most common ferroelectric, lead zirconate titanate is an alloy of the ferroelectric lead titanate and the antiferroelectric lead zirconate. Antiferroelectrics themselves are useful in large digital displacement transducers and energy-storage(More)
The objectives were to investigate the effects of formulation variables on the release of drug and to optimize the formulation of chitosan microparticles loaded with drug for controlled release using response surface methodology. Chitosan microparticles were prepared by dropping a chitosan solution into sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) through ionic(More)
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