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This review describes recently emerging optical and microfluidic technologies suitable for point-of-care genetic analysis systems. Such systems must rapidly detect hundreds of mutations from biological samples with low DNA concentration. We review optical technologies delivering multiplex sensitivity and compatible with lab-on-chip integration for both(More)
1. HIGHLIGHTS Van den Bergh completed his monograph, The Galaxies of the Local Group, which is being published by Cambridge University Press in 2000. A systematic search begun for faint emission lines indicative of recent star formation in all the bright galaxies in the low-density regions of the Updated Zwicky Catalogue detected 17 new minor-merger pairs.(More)
Single and multi-layer passive optical interconnects using single mode polymer waveguides are demonstrated using UV nano-imprint lithography. The fabrication tolerances associated with imprint lithography are investigated and we show a way to experimentally quantify a small variation in index contrast between core and cladding of fabricated devices. 1x2(More)
A sub-wavelength grating-based photonic crystal sensor is designed to excite two spectrally and spatially different guided mode resonances that have distinctive electric field distributions. We present and validate the uni-polarized dual resonance approach to separating bulk index perturbations from surface-binding events in a single measurement by(More)
Integrated plasmonic sources and detectors are imperative in the practical development of plasmonic circuitry for bio- and chemical sensing, nanoscale optical information processing, as well as transducers for high-density optical data storage. Here we show that vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) can be employed as an on-chip, electrically(More)
Hybrid plasmonic lasers provide deep subwavelength optical confinement, strongly enhanced light-matter interaction and together with nanoscale footprint promise new applications in optical communication, biosensing, and photolithography. The subwavelength hybrid plasmonic lasers reported so far often use bottom-up grown nanowires, nanorods, and nanosquares,(More)
Wafer-scale nano-fabrication of silicon nitride (Si x N y ) photonic crystal (PhC) structures on glass (quartz) substrates is demonstrated using a thin (30 nm) chromium (Cr) layer as the hard mask for transferring the electron beam lithography (EBL) defined resist patterns. The use of the thin Cr layer not only solves the charging effect during the EBL on(More)