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We investigated the effect of incorporating information about proband and parental structural language phenotypes into linkage analyses in the two regions for which we found the highest signals in our first-stage affected sibling pair genome screen: chromosomes 13q and 7q. We were particularly interested in following up on our chromosome 7q finding in light(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the widespread development of distinctive tumors termed hamartomas. TSC-determining loci have been mapped to chromosomes 9q34 (TSC1) and 16p13 (TSC2). The TSC1 gene was identified from a 900-kilobase region containing at least 30 genes. The 8.6-kilobase TSC1 transcript is(More)
The autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCA) comprise a heterogeneous group of neurologic disorders characterized by degeneration of the cerebellum, spinal cord, and brainstem. Genetic analysis has revealed two loci, SCA1 on chromosome 6p, and SCA2 on chromosome 12q, responsible for some ADCA. We present a four-generation kindred of 42 individuals, 12(More)
A heterogeneous group of neurological disorders known as the spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) are characterized by degeneration of the cerebellum, spinal cord and brainstem. We describe linkage analysis in four unusual SCA families revealing a distinct disease locus on chromosome 3p14-21.1. The disease in these families is distinguished from other forms of SCA(More)
Investigation of a possible viral etiology for otosclerosis was initiated because of the clinical and histopathologic similarities between otosclerosis and Paget's disease of bone and the mounting evidence of a viral etiology in Paget's disease. Thus far, ultrastructural and immunohistochemical studies have revealed measles-like structures and antigens in(More)
Mutations in the cytoplasmic Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene on human chromosome 21q22.1 cause 10-20% of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cases. The expression of the ALS phenotype in mice carrying the murine G86R SOD1 mutation is highly dependent upon the mouse genetic background. This is similar to the phenotypic variation observed in(More)
The largest recorded epidemic of sporotrichosis in the United States occurred in 1988 and involved a total of 84 cases in 15 states. All cases were associated with Wisconsin-grown sphagnum moss. Twenty-one clinical isolates of Sporothrix schenckii and 69 environmental isolates of Sporothrix spp. from the epidemic were characterized and compared. The(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by the development of vestibular schwannomas and other tumors of the nervous system, including cranial and spinal meningiomas, schwannomas, and ependymomas. The presence of bilateral vestibular schwannomas is sufficient for the diagnosis. Skin manifestations are less common than(More)
A DNA probe (D4S95) that detects a variable number of tandem repeats and a single-site-variation polymorphism after digestion with a single restriction enzyme, AccI, has previously been described. The order of this probe relative to the gene for Huntington disease (HD) and other previously described markers has not been established. Analysis of 24 affected(More)
Eighty-five persons at risk for Huntington disease (HD) have enrolled in a predictive-testing pilot program. Informativeness of the test has been determined for 41 of these candidates by using linked DNA probes. Nine (21.9%) of these persons have been excluded from the test as a result of the unavailability of DNA from crucial family relatives. Homozygosity(More)