J H Gaudy

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The bronchodilator effects of ketamine were examined in human bronchial preparations contracted maximally with histamine, acetylcholine, barium chloride or potassium chloride. Antagonism between ketamine and either histamine or acetylcholine was examined also. Ketamine caused bronchial relaxation irrespective of the constricting agent, and exerted a partial(More)
The effects of 33% nitrous oxide on the two components of the blink reflex were studied on seven healthy volunteers. The blink responses were elicited by a supraorbital nerve stimulation and recorded from the ipsilateral orbicularis oculi muscle. The intensity of stimulation was chosen at two to three times the reflex threshold in order to obtain stable(More)
The search in man for experimental techniques suitable for study of the neurospecificity of anaesthetic drugs led us to use the blink reflex. Thirteen female volunteers undergoing gynaecological surgery received as a double-blind basis either 0.2 mg/kg of diazepam (7 cases) or 3 X 10(-1) mg/kg of fentanyl (6 cases) intravenously. The thresholds of the two(More)
The comparative effects of low doses (0.03-0.04 mg/kg) of epidural morphine on a nociceptive flexion reflex of the lower limb and on postoperative pain in volunteer patients were studied after orthopedic surgery on one knee. According to the stimulation parameters, it was found that 40-50 min after the injection, morphine produced an increase of 87% and 83%(More)
A protocol for selective ordering of 12 preoperative tests, according to clinical status and type of surgery, was prospectively tested for one year in a teaching hospital. 3866 consecutive surgical patients had an average of about 4 tests each. The possible value of tests that were omitted was assessed in the light of events during and after operation.(More)
In order to determine the selectivity of the antinociceptive effect of epidural morphine, the electrophysiological features of a monosynaptic reflex were investigated before and after epidural morphine (2-3 mg) required for pain relief, in 4 patients suffering from postoperative pain. The reflex tested was the H reflex from the soleus muscle. Not only the(More)
The tidal volume-inspiratory duration relationship was studied during air breathing and rebreathing in conscious and anesthetized human subjects using three different intravenous agents. The results observed have been compared with similar experiments carried out in cats. Its has been shown that anesthesia provokes an increase in breathing rate associated(More)
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