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Endogenous steroids and numerous environmental agents have potent effects on mammary development and carcinogenesis. Locally produced cytochrome P450 enzymes that modify such molecules are therefore likely to be important regulators of these processes. Here we describe the characterization of a novel mouse gene, termed Cyp2d22, that is highly expressed in(More)
A four-year trial assessed whether less severe hypertensives could discontinue antihypertensive drug therapy, using nutritional means to control blood pressure. Randomization was to three groups: group 1--discontinue drug therapy and reduce overweight, excess salt, and alcohol; group 2--discontinue drug therapy, with no nutritional program; or group(More)
Endogenous and exogenous estrogens undergo extensive oxidative metabolism by specific cytochrome P450 enzymes. Certain drugs and xenobiotics have been found to be potent inducers of estrogen hydroxylating enzymes with C-2 hydroxylase induction being greater than that of C-16 hydroxylase. Oxygenated estrogen metabolites have different biological activities,(More)
Estradiol metabolism in 10 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and 29 normal controls was studied by measurement of urinary metabolites after injection of labeled 3H-estradiol. Patients with SLE manifested increased 16-hydroxylation of estrone. Diseases men differed from diseases women to the extent that only 16 alpha-hydroxyestrone was(More)
Two patients with long-standing idiopathic chronic constipation, which responded only to large daily doses of laxatives and additional suppositories and enemas, were treated with the specific opioid antagonist, naloxone, on a single-blind crossover basis. Both patients responded to naloxone treatment, with increased passage of faeces and increased wet and(More)
We investigated and contrasted midline cerebral structures in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). FTD and AD may be difficult to distinguish clinically. FTD typically affects frontal and anterior temporal regions, whereas AD tends to involve more posterior temporal and parietal areas. We hypothesized that disease-specific cerebral(More)
Epidemiologic data indicate that cigarette smoking is associated with an important anti-estrogenic effect, and increased hepatic metabolism has been suggested as a possible mechanism. We examined the hypothesis that cigarette smoking in women induces an increase in estradiol 2-hydroxylation. This irreversible metabolic pathway yields 2-hydroxyestrogens,(More)
The binding affinities for the catecholestrogen metabolites of estradiol and of their methyl ethers for the rat uterine cytosol estrogen receptors were examined. Similarly the binding of the fetal estradiol metabolite, 15alpha-hydroxyestriol (estertrol) was also measured. All of the catecholestrogens showed binding affinities far in excess of their(More)