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Folic acid derivatives such as folinic acid and methotrexate (MTX) have been successfully hybridized with layered double hydroxide (LDH) by ion-exchange reaction. The X-ray diffraction patterns and spectroscopic analyses indicate that these molecules intercalated into the hydroxide interlayer space are stabilized in the tilted longitudinal monolayer mode by(More)
We present the mechanism for the cellular uptake of layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanoparticles that are internalized into MNNG/HOS cells principally via clathrin-mediated endocytosis. The intracellular LDHs are highly colocalized with not only typical endocytic proteins, such as clathrin heavy chain, dynamin, and eps15, but also transferrin, a marker of(More)
BACKGROUND This study explored the pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution, and excretion profile of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles with respect to their particle size in rats. METHODS Two ZnO nanoparticles of different size (20 nm and 70 nm) were orally administered to male and female rats, respectively. The area under the plasma concentration-time curve,(More)
Toxicity evaluation of inorganic nanoparticles in cell lines and in whole animals has been extensively explored in recent years. However, conflicting results have been reported regarding size-dependent toxicity and biokinetics in vitro and in vivo, and thus, basic questions regarding whether nanoparticles, ranged from 1 to 100 nm in size, are comparatively(More)
Layered double hydroxides (LDHs), also known as anionic nanoclays or hydrotalcite-like compounds, have attracted a great deal of interest for their potential as delivery carriers. In this article, we describe the cellular uptake behaviors and uptake pathway of LDHs in vitro and in vivo, which can not only explain the mechanism by which high efficacy of(More)
We have developed new hybrid systems consisting of anticancer drugs such as methotrexate (MTX) or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and two-dimensional inorganic delivery carrier like layered double hydroxide (LDH). Such an inorganic vector with biocompatible metal ions can be used to overcome toxicity, immunogenecity and poor integration capacity, which are critical(More)
A nanohybrid was prepared with an inorganic clay material, montmorillonite (MMT), for taste masking of sildenafil (SDN). To further improve the taste-masking efficiency and enhance the drug-release rate, we coated the nanohybrid of SDN-MMT with a basic polymer, polyvinylacetal diethylaminoacetate (AEA). Powder X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform(More)
Many researches have shown that anionic clays can be used as delivery carriers for drug or gene molecules due to their efficient cellular uptake in vitro, and enhanced permeability and retention effect in vivo. It is, therefore, highly required to establish a guideline on their potential toxicity for practical applications. The toxicity of anionic clay,(More)
Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are biocompatible materials which can be used as drug-delivery nanovehicles. In order to define the optimum size of LDH nanoparticles for efficient cellular uptake and drug-delivery pathway, we prepared different sized LDH nanoparticles with narrow size distribution by modulating the crystal growth rate, and labelled each(More)
The inorganic-organic hybrid for a drug delivery system was successfully realized by intercalating donepezil molecules into smectite clays (laponite XLG, saponite, and montmorillonite). According to the powder XRD patterns, TG profiles, and FT-IR spectra, it was confirmed that donepezil molecules were well stabilized in the interlayer space of clay via mono(More)