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Simple sequence repeat telomeric DNA is maintained by a specialized reverse transcriptase, telomerase. The integral RNA subunit of telomerase contains a template region that determines the sequence added to chromosome ends. Aside from providing the template, little is known about the role of the telomerase RNA. In addition, no hypotheses have been suggested(More)
Vertebrate limb tendons are derived from connective cells of the lateral plate mesoderm. Some of the developmental steps leading to the formation of vertebrate limb tendons have been previously identified; however, the molecular mechanisms responsible for tendinous patterning and maintenance during embryogenesis are largely unknown. The eyes absent (eya)(More)
Pax3 is a transcription factor whose expression has been used as a marker of myogenic precursor cells arising in the lateral somite destined to migrate to and populate the limb musculature. Accruing evidence indicates that the embryologic origins of axial and appendicular muscles are distinct, and limb muscle abnormalities in both mice and humans harboring(More)
Active transport of conjugated and unconjugated electrophiles out of cells is essential for cellular homeostasis. We have previously identified in human tissues a transporter, DNP-SG [S-(2, 4-dinitrophenyl)glutathione] ATPase, capable of carrying out this function [Awasthi et al. (1998) Biochemistry 37, 5231-5238, 5239-5248]. We now report the cloning of(More)
Fas is an apoptosis-signaling receptor molecule on the surface of a number of cell types. Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequence analysis revealed a human Fas messenger RNA variant capable of encoding a soluble Fas molecule lacking the transmembrane domain because of the deletion of an exon encoding this region. The expression of soluble Fas was(More)
Keratin 5 and keratin 14 have been touted as the hallmarks of the basal keratin networks of all stratified squamous epithelia. Absence of K14 gives rise to epidermolysis bullosa simplex, a human blistering skin disorder involving cytolysis in the basal layer of epidermis. To address the puzzling question of why this disease is primarily manifested in skin(More)
Recursive definition often results in partial functions; iteration gives rise to programs which may fail to terminate for some imputs. Proofs about such functions or programs should be conducted in logical systems which reflect the possibility of “undefined values”. This paper provides an axiomatization of such a logic together with examples of its use.
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF1α) is a crucial regulator of the cellular response to hypoxia through its regulation of genes that control erythropoiesis, angiogenesis and anaerobic metabolism. We have previously shown that HIF1α stability is regulated by SUMOylation under the hypoxic condition. However, how HIF1α became SUMOylated during hypoxia is still(More)
Deletion of the tetA(L) chromosomal region of Bacillus subtilis in a strain designated JC112 increased the strain's sensitivity to low tetracycline concentrations. It also resulted in phenotypic changes that correlate with the previously found role of TetA(L) in mediating electrogenic NA+/H+ antiport. Growth of JC112 was impaired relative to that of the(More)
This study examined the temporal effects of bolus volume on closure of the laryngeal vestibule at the arytenoid to epiglottic base and the mobile portion of the epiglottis, the temporal relationships between these levels of airway closure and cricopharyngeal opening for various bolus volumes, and the mechanisms responsible for these two levels of airway(More)