J Gordon Boyd

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Over a half a century of research has confirmed that neurotrophic factors promote the survival and process outgrowth of isolated neurons in vitro. The mechanisms by which neurotrophic factors mediate these survival-promoting effects have also been well characterized. In vivo, peripheral neurons are critically dependent on limited amounts of neurotrophic(More)
In contrast to injuries in the central nervous system, injured peripheral neurons will regenerate their axons. However, axotomized motoneurons progressively lose their ability to regenerate their axons, following peripheral nerve injury often resulting in very poor recovery of motor function. A decline in neurotrophic support may be partially responsible(More)
The capacity of Schwann cells (SCs) in the peripheral nervous system to support axonal regeneration, in contrast to the oligodendrocytes in the central nervous system, has led to the misconception that peripheral nerve regeneration always restores function. Here, we consider how prolonged periods of time that injured neurons remain without targets during(More)
The time-dependent decline in the ability of motoneurons to regenerate their axons after axotomy is one of the principle contributing factors to poor functional recovery after peripheral nerve injury. A decline in neurotrophic support may be partially responsible for this effect. The up-regulation of BDNF after injury, both in denervated Schwann cells and(More)
Neurotrophic factors that support neuronal survival are implicated in axonal regeneration after injury. Specifically, a strong role for BDNF in motor axonal regeneration has been suggested based on its pattern of expression after injury, as well as the expression of its receptors, trkB and p75. Despite considerable in vitro evidence, which demonstrate(More)
Over the past few years, the idea of using intraspinal implantations of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) as a therapeutic strategy to enhance recovery after spinal cord injury has quickly moved from experimentation with laboratory mammals to surgical approaches for paralyzed humans. Despite this progression, several important issues have yet to be(More)
Studies have shown that implanting olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) may be a promising therapeutic strategy to promote functional recovery after spinal cord injury. Several fundamental questions remain, however, regarding their in vivo interactions in the damaged spinal cord. We have induced a clip compression injury at the T10 level of the spinal cord in(More)
One strategy for spinal cord repair after injury that has moved quickly from the research laboratory to the clinic is the implantation of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs). These unique glial cells of the olfactory system have been associated with axonal remyelination and regeneration after grafting into spinalized animals. Despite these promising(More)
Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) are the glial cells that ensheath the axons of the first cranial nerve. They are attracting increasing attention from neuroscientists as potential therapeutic agents for use in the repair of spinal cord injury and as a source of myelinating glia for use in remyelinating axons in demyelinating diseases such as multiple(More)
Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) are unique cells that are responsible for the successful regeneration of olfactory axons throughout the life of adult mammals. More than a decade of research has shown that implantation of OECs may be a promising therapy for damage to the nervous system, including spinal cord injury. Based on this research, several(More)