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AIMS A National Screening Programme for diabetic eye disease in the UK is in development. We propose a grading and early disease management protocol to detect sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy and any retinopathy, which will allow precise quality assurance at all steps while minimizing false-positive referral to the hospital eye service. METHODS(More)
Ferritin and haemosiderin isolated from iron-overloaded human spleens have been investigated by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy at temperatures between 1.3 and 200 K and also in applied magnetic fields. Virtually identical spectra were obtained from both materials at the high and low-temperature ends of this range, and also at 4.2 K in an applied magnetic field(More)
The occurrence of clonal T cells in multiple myeloma (MM), as defined by the presence of rearrangements in the T-cell receptor (TCR)-beta chains detected on Southern blotting, is associated with an improved prognosis. Recently, with the use of specific anti-TCR-variable-beta (anti-TCRV(beta)) antibodies, the presence in MM patients of expanded populations(More)
Although patients with relapsed Hodgkin's disease have a poor prognosis with conventional therapies, high-dose chemotherapy and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (autotransplantation) may provide long-term progression-free survival. We reviewed data from the Autologous Blood and Marrow Transplant Registry (ABMTR) to determine relapse,(More)
The introduction of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) has made significant impact on the reduction of the visual loss due to neovascular age-related macular degeneration (n-AMD). There are significant inter-individual differences in response to an anti-VEGF agent, made more complex by the availability of multiple anti-VEGF agents with(More)
The role of autologous stem cell transplantation (AuSCT) in older multiple myeloma patients is unclear. Using data from the Autologous Blood and Marrow Transplant Registry, we compared the outcome of 110 patients >/=the age of 60 (median 63; range 60-73) years, undergoing AuSCT with that of 382 patients <60 (median 52; range 30-59) years. The two groups(More)
Despite improved outcomes in multiple myeloma (MM), a cure remains elusive. However, even before the current therapeutic era, 5% of patients survived >10 years and we propose that immune factors contribute to this longer survival. We identified patients attending our clinic, who had survived >10 years (n=20) and analysed their blood for the presence of(More)
The magnetic field dependence of 1/T1 over the range 0.01 to 50 MHz proton Larmor frequency (NMRD profile) is reported for water protons in solutions of horse spleen apoferritin, and of ferritin reconstituted at both low and high iron levels. The apoferritin results are in every way typical of diamagnetic spherical proteins of their size (K. Hallenga and S.(More)
Limited response to idiotype vaccination in patients with myeloma suggests that there is a need to develop better immunotherapy strategies. It has been determined that the number of high-potency CMRF44+CD14-CD19- dendritic cells (DCs) in the blood of patients with myeloma (range, 0.03%-0.8% of mononuclear cells [MNCs]; n = 26) was not significantly(More)
A flow cytometric technique has been developed to detect individual plasma cells in PBSC harvests and to establish light chain restriction as a surrogate marker of their clonality. Plasma cells were identified by high intensity CD38 (CD38++) and cytoplasmic immunoglobulin (cIg) expression. The ratio of cytoplasmic kappa to lambda expression was used to(More)