J. Gasteiger

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A better quantification of aerosol properties is required for improving the modelling of aerosol effects on weather and climate. This task is methodologically demanding due to the diversity of the microphysical properties of aerosols and the complex relation between their microphysical and optical properties. Advanced lidar systems provide spatially and(More)
The Kohonen neural network is a self-organizing network that can be used for the projection of the surface properties of molecules. This allows one to view properties on a molecular surface, like the electrostatic potential in a single picture. These maps are useful for the comparison of molecules and provide a new definition of molecular similarity.
The established exchange mechanisms for chemical information are under attack from new information distribution channels on the Internet. Increasingly chemical information is distributed by means of WWW pages and similar media. However, most of this information is still primarily intended for human browsing. The search for chemical information and the reuse(More)
libRadtran is a widely used software package for radiative transfer calculations. It allows one to compute (polarized) radiances, irradiance, and actinic fluxes in the solar and thermal spectral regions. libRadtran has been used for various applications, including remote sensing of clouds, aerosols and trace gases in the Earth’s atmosphere, climate studies,(More)
One of the main properties of the feature maps generated by Kohonen's self-organizing net is their preservation of the topology of the target object. However, since the net and the target object in general have different topological structures, there are usually also certain distortions of topology in the feature maps. For a better understanding of such(More)
Volcanic ash is commonly observed by infrared detectors on board Earth-orbiting satellites. In the presence of ice and/or liquid-water clouds, the detected volcanic ash signature may be altered. In this paper the sensitivity of detection and retrieval of volcanic ash to the presence of ice and liquid-water clouds was quantified by simulating synthetic(More)
Mineral particles, in general, are not spheres and so the assumption of spherical particles, instead of more realistic shapes, has significant effects on modeled optical properties and therefore on remote-sensing procedures for desert aerosol and the derived radiative forcing. Thus, in a new version of the database OPAC (Optical Properties of Aerosols and(More)
Dual-wavelength lidar measurements with the small lidar system POLIS of the Ludwig-MaximiliansUniversität München were performed during the SALTRACE experiment at Barbados in June and July 2013. Based on high-accuracy measurements of the linear depolarization ratio down to about 200 m above ground level, the dust volume fraction and the dust mass(More)
We study the benefit of considering sun-/skyphotometer measurements in a microphysical lidar retrieval. Furthermore, to assess the importance of the aerosol model employed by the retrieval, we compare results obtained using a spheroid aerosol model with results using an advanced aerosol model that considers irregular particle shapes. Preliminary results are(More)