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Taenia solium taeniasis and cysticercosis are known to be endemic in Guatemala but no studies had been undertaken in rural communities where transmission was thought to occur. Two adjacent communities, Quesada and El Jocote, in the Department of Jutiapa were selected. The former had considerably better sanitary infrastructure than the latter. The(More)
There is relatively little epidemiological information on human intestinal taeniasis, particularly that due to Taenia solium. The current study involved analysis of data collected from four, rural communities in the Department of Jutiapa, Guatemala, between 1991 and 1994. Overall, 92 cases of intestinal taeniasis were identified, giving a mean prevalence of(More)
A cross-sectional epidemiological study of two communities in Guatemala, El Jocote and Quesada, was conducted to determine the prevalence of epilepsy and epileptic seizures. An initial screening questionnaire was applied to detect individuals who had possibly suffered seizures in the past. These individuals were then examined more thoroughly by a(More)
Mass treatment of the human population with niclosamide was carried out in 2 villages in rural Guatemala where Taenia solium was endemic, to determine how this would affect the epidemiology of the parasite. Intestinal taeniasis was diagnosed by microscopy and coproantigen testing, and porcine cysticercosis by a specific Western blot. Before mass treatment,(More)
A microplate-type enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of Taenia species antigen in human feces was tested in field studies undertaken in two Guatemalan communities. The test was based on immunoglobulin G antibodies from a rabbit hyperimmunized to Taenia solium proglottides. Comparison was made with microscopy and patient interviews as a(More)
A dipstick dot ELISA for detection of Taenia-specific coproantigens was developed. The test was based on a sandwich ELISA using antibodies raised against adult Taenia solium. Antibodies were absorbed to nitrocellulose paper previously adhered to acetate plastic to form dipsticks. Once blocked with 5% skimmed milk and dried the antibody-coated dipsticks were(More)
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