J. Galle

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Background—Elevated oxidative stress and superoxide anion formation in vascular cells could promote conversion of LDL to atherogenic oxidized LDL (oxLDL), contributing to endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. As a major source of vascular superoxide anion formation, an endothelial NAD(P)H oxidase, similar to the leukocyte enzyme, has been identified.(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) exerts proliferation and apoptosis in vascular cells, depending on its concentration and the duration of exposure. Recent studies indicate that [O(2)](-) is involved in cell cycle regulation and that OxLDL stimulates endothelial cells to produce [O(2)](-). This study examined the role of nicotinamide adenine(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is one of the most potent biologic vasoconstrictors. Nevertheless, transgenic mice that overexpress ET-1 exhibit normal BP. It was hypothesized that vascular effects of ET-1 may be antagonized by an increase of the endothelial counterpart of ET-1, nitric oxide (NO), which is produced by the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). Therefore,(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been described as a very potent vasoconstrictor. Nevertheless, transgenic mice overexpressing ET-1 have been shown to exhibit normal blood pressure. We thus hypothesized that vascular ET-1 effects may be antagonized by increased activity of other regulatory systems, such as the increase in bioavailability of the(More)
BACKGROUND A marked proportion of multiple sclerosis (MS) relapses is followed by incomplete recovery. Our aim was to considerably increase the evidence of the clinical use of immunoadsorption (IA) as escalation therapy for patients with MS relapse. METHODS A retrospective multicenter study was performed in MS patients with steroid refractory relapse who(More)
The microtubule associated tumor suppressor gene 1 (MTUS1) is a recently published tumor suppressor gene, which has also been shown to act as an early component in the growth inhibitory signaling cascade of the angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2R). In this study we report the generation of MTUS1 knock-out (KO) mice, which develop normally but reveal higher(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and advanced kidney disease are usually treated with insulin. However, the prolonged pharmacokinetic insulin profile in patients with delayed renal insulin elimination impairs a successful therapy. Due to its hepatic metabolism, pioglitazone is a potential candidate for additional administration. The aim of(More)