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BACKGROUND Only 15-20% of patients with chronic hepatitis C achieve a sustained virological response with interferon therapy. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of interferon alpha2b in combination with oral ribavirin with interferon alone, for treatment of chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV). METHODS 832 patients aged(More)
"e" is a serum antigen associated with type-B hepatitis. It is found only in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive sera, but is antigenically distinct from HBsAg. e antigen was not detected in the serum of any of 99 cases of acute type-B hepatitis who recovered normally. Its antibody, anti-e, was found in 14 (14%). The antibody usually appeared(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanical response of the lamina cribrosa (LC) to elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) so as to identify possible mechanisms of optic nerve damage in early glaucoma. Ten pairs of normal human eyes were fixed after 24 hours' exposure to 50 mm Hg pressure (experimental eyes) or 5 mm Hg pressure (contralateral(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence suggests that progesterone metabolites play important roles in regulating breast cancer. Previous studies have shown that tumorous tissues have higher 5alpha-reductase (5alphaR) and lower 3alpha-hydroxysteroid oxidoreductase (3alpha-HSO) and 20alpha-HSO activities. The resulting higher levels of 5alpha-reduced progesterone(More)
Rabbit lens epithelial cells synthesize and secrete a variety of [35S]sulphate-labeled glycoconjugates in vitro. Associated with the cell layer, and with the medium, was a high molecular weight glycoconjugate(s) that contained heparan sulphate which was apparently covalently linked to sulphated glycoprotein. This component(s) was eluted in the void volume(More)
Rabbit lens epithelial cells display a similar "cobblestone" morphology and produce the same complement of sulphated macromolecules (also see Heathcote, J. G., and R. W. Orkin, 1984, J. Cell Biol., 99:852-860) whether grown on plastic or glass, dried films of gelatin or type IV collagen with laminin, or on gels of type I collagen. There was no evidence of(More)
This guideline has been approved by the AASLD and represents the position of the association. Preamble These recommendations provide a data-supported approach to the management of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). They are based on the following: (1) formal review and analysis of the recently published world literature on the topic (Medline search); (2)(More)
PURPOSE Oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) is a human disorder caused by mutations in the gap junction alpha 1 (GJA1) gene encoding the connexin43 (Cx43) gap junction protein. Causal links between GJA1 mutations and glaucoma are not understood. The purpose in this study was to examine the ocular phenotype for Gja1(Jrt/+) mice harboring a Cx43 G60S mutation.(More)