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The characteristic structure of the mature Dictyostelium culminant is created by the regionalized cellular differentiation and directed movement of prestalk cells. The front prestalk zone of the migratory slug has previously been considered to be a homogeneous tissue. Here we demonstrate, however, the existence of multiple classes of prestalk cells located(More)
The ecmA (pDd63) and ecmB (pDd56) genes encode extracellular matrix proteins of the slime sheath and stalk tube of Dictyostelium discoideum. Using fusion genes containing the promoter of one or other gene coupled to an immunologically detectable reporter, we previously identified two classes of prestalk cells in the tip of the migrating slug; a central core(More)
The TTGA-binding factor is a transcriptional regulator activated by DIF, the chlorinated hexaphenone that induces prestalk cell differentiation in Dictyostelium. The same activity also functions as a repressor, controlling stalk cell differentiation. We show that the TTGA-binding factor is a STAT protein. Like the metazoan STATs, it functions via the(More)
We placed a specific inhibitor of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) under the control of a prestalk-specific promoter. Cells containing this construct form normally patterned slugs, but under environmental conditions that normally trigger immediate culmination, the slugs undergo prolonged migration. Slugs that eventually enter culmination do so(More)
The Dictyostelium ecmB gene encodes an extracellular matrix protein and is inducible by the stalk cell morphogen DIF. It is expressed in a subset of prestalk (pstB) cells in the slug and surrounding pstA cells first express it at culmination. A region of the ecmB promoter can direct transcription in all anterior prestalk cells, but a separate, downstream(More)
Using cell-autonomous markers we have traced the origins of prespore cells and two types of prestalk cells (pstA and pstB cells) during slug formation. We show that cell sorting and positional information both contribute to Dictyostelium morphogenesis. The initial pattern established at the mound stage is topologically quite different from that of the slug.(More)
Highly purified steady state heterogeneous nuclear RNA from HeLa cells has been prepared by a new procedure. Detergent-washed nuclei are disrupted in 0.4 M ammonium sulfate, which also disociated contamination polysomes. The hnRNA remains bound to chromatin, which can be pelleted by gentle centrifugation. Ribonuclease inhibitors permit the preparation of(More)
GskA, the Dictyostelium GSK-3 orthologue, is modified and activated by the dual-specificity tyrosine kinase Zak1, and the two kinases form part of a signaling pathway that responds to extracellular cyclic AMP. We identify potential cellular effectors for the two kinases by analyzing the corresponding null mutants. There are proteins and mRNAs that are(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) can be repaired by either homologous recombination (HR) or nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ). In vertebrates, the first step in NHEJ is recruitment of the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) to DNA termini. DNA-PK consists of a catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) that is recruited to DNA ends by the Ku70/Ku80 heterodimer. Although(More)
We have isolated a gene that is very rapidly induced at the transcriptional level by DIF--a low molecular weight, diffusible factor necessary for stalk cell differentiation in Dictyostelium cells developing in vitro. The gene encodes a protein containing an N-terminal signal peptide preceding approximately 70 tandem repeats of a highly conserved 24 amino(More)