J G Tjuvajev

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Imaging the expression of successful gene transduction has been demonstrated in vivo for the first time by using an appropriate combination of "marker gene" and "marker substrate" in an experimental animal model. The herpes simplex virus 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1-tk) gene was selected as an example of a marker gene, and the recombinant STK retrovirus(More)
We report a series of studies that assess the feasibility and sensitivity of imaging of herpes virus type one thymidine kinase (HSV1-tk) gene transfer and expression with [124I]-5-iodo-2'-fluoro-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyluracil ([124I]-FIAU) and positron emission tomography (PET) and the ability of [124I]-FIAU-PET imaging to discriminate different levels of(More)
A variety of imaging technologies are being investigated as tools for studying gene expression in living subjects. Noninvasive, repetitive and quantitative imaging of gene expression will help both to facilitate human gene therapy trials and to allow for the study of animal models of molecular and cellular therapy. Radionuclide approaches using single(More)
We report a series of the in vivo and in vitro studies that evaluate the anti-neoplastic potential of hCRF in W256 rat mammary carcinoma. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and direct measurements of tumor and peritumoral brain water content we found that hCRF treatment (100 micrograms/kg subcutaneously twice a day for 3 days) caused significant(More)
Noninvasive imaging of herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1-tk) gene expression is possible with a clinical gamma camera and by single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) using 131I-labeled 2'-fluoro-2'-deoxy-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-5-iodo-uracil (FIAU). Studies were performed in rats bearing s.c. tumors. Tumors were produced by injection of(More)
Current gene therapy technology is limited by the paucity of methodology for determining the location and magnitude of therapeutic transgene expression in vivo. We describe and validate a paradigm for monitoring therapeutic transgene expression by noninvasive imaging of the herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV-1-tk) marker gene expression. To(More)
Analysis of transgene expression in vivo currently requires destructive and invasive molecular assays of tissue specimens. Noninvasive methodology for assessing the location, magnitude, and duration of transgene expression in vivo will facilitate subject-by-subject correlation of therapeutic outcomes with transgene expression and will be useful in vector(More)
A noninvasive method for molecular imaging of T-cell activity in vivo would be of considerable value. It would aid in understanding the role of specific genes and signal transduction pathways in the course of normal and pathologic immune responses, and could elucidate temporal dynamics and immune regulation at different stages of disease and following(More)
We report the first series of studies comparing the anti-edematous effects of human corticotropin-releasing factor (hCRF) and dexamethasone in an experimental model of vasogenic peritumoral brain edema. Both hCRF and dexamethasone effectively decreased blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability of intracerebral RG2 gliomas in rats as observed by(More)
Imaging transgene expression with radiopharmaceuticals is feasible and has been demonstrated with a gamma camera and by positron emission tomography (PET) in experimental animals. An important consideration in the development of the imaging paradigm was the selection of an appropriate transgene and radiopharmaceutical. The herpes simplex virus thymidine(More)