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Small bundles of frog skeletal muscle fibers were loaded with 305 mM K+ and 120 mM Cl-, and 42K+ tracer efflux and influx were measured as a function of external K+ concentration ([K+]o) at a resting potential of -2 mV. As [K+]o was lowered from 305 mM, efflux decreased along a markedly sigmoidal curve, reaching a constant nonzero value at low [K+]o. Influx(More)
Efflux of 36Cl- from frog sartorius muscles equilibrated in depolarizing solutions was measured. Cl- efflux consists of a component present at low pH and a pH-dependent component which increases as external pH increases. In depolarized muscles from Rana pipiens, the pH-dependent Cl- efflux has an apparent pKa near 6.4. The reduction of Cl- efflux by(More)
The effects of external Rb+ on the efflux of 42K+ from whole frog sartorius muscles loaded with 305 mM K+ and 120 mM Cl- were studied. K+ efflux is activated by [Rb+]o less than about 40 mM according to a sigmoid relation similar to that for activation by [K+]o. At [Rb+]o greater than 40 mM, K+ efflux declines, although at [Rb+]o = 300 mM it is still(More)
Efflux of 36Cl- from frog sartorius muscles equilibrated in two depolarizing solutions was measured. Cl- efflux consists of a component present at low pH and a pH-dependent component which increases as external pH increases. For temperatures between 0 and 20 degrees C, the measured activation energy is 7.5 kcal/mol for Cl- efflux at pH 5 and 12.6 kcal/mol(More)
Freeze-fracture studies were used to investigate the size, density, and distribution of intramembranous particles (IMPs) in the plasma membrane of the sperm head of two species of Australian hydromyine rodents Pseudomys australis and P. nanus both of which are characterized by having, in addition to a dorsal hook, two long ventral hooks that extend from the(More)
Efflux of 42K+ was measured in frog sartorius muscles equilibrated in depolarizing solutions with external K+ concentrations [( K+]0) between 75 and 300 mM and NaCl concentrations of 60, 120, or 240 mM. For several combinations of KCl and NaCl, steady-state internal potentials (Vi) were the same for different [K+]0. For the range of Vi examined, K+ efflux(More)
Efflux of 42K+ was measured in frog sartorius muscles equilibrated in hyperosmotic depolarizing solutions. At the internal potentials obtained, K+ passes mainly through the inward rectifier potassium channels. Inhibition of K+ efflux by external Zn2+ (0.25 to 15 mM) differs in three significant ways from inhibition by Ba2+. (1) The dose-response relation(More)
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