J. G. Morris

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A variety of human symptoms have been associated with exposure to the dinoflagellate Pfiesteria and have been grouped together into a syndrome termed "possible estuary-associated syndrome." Prospective cohort studies of health effects associated with exposure to estuarine waters that may contain Pfiesteria spp. and related organisms are in progress in North(More)
A pathogen may emerge as an important public health problem because of changes in itself or its transmission pathways. Alternatively, a microorganism may emerge as a pathogen or acquire new public health importance because of changes in host susceptibility to infection. Factors influencing host susceptibility within the population as a whole include(More)
Since the identification of the first cholera case in 2010, the disease has spread in epidemic form throughout the island nation of Haiti; as of 2014, about 700,000 cholera cases have been reported, with over 8,000 deaths. While case numbers have declined, the more fundamental question of whether the causative bacterium, Vibrio cholerae has established an(More)
Vibrio vulnificus is a pathogenic gram-negative bacterium, endemic to brackish waters, which is often isolated from sediments, from the water column or from shellfish. It is associated with wound infections and septicemia in humans and the virulence of V. vulnificus has been strongly associated with encapsulation. The capsular polysaccharide purified from a(More)
Vibrio cholerae O139 Bengal has recently been identified as a cause of epidemic cholera in Asia. In contrast to V. cholerae O1, V. cholerae O139 Bengal has a polysaccharide capsule. As determined by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance analysis, the capsular polysaccharide of V. cholerae O139 Bengal strain Al1837(More)
An association between human illness and exposure to Pfiesteria was first observed among laboratory personnel working with the microorganism. In 1997, in the setting of Pfiesteria activity on the Pocomoke River in Maryland, difficulties with learning and memory were epidemiologically associated with high-level exposure to waterways in which the organism was(More)
1. The apparent transmembrane bulk-phase electrical potential (delta psi) of Clostridium pasteurianum was determined from the distribution ratio of the membrane-permeable cation butyltriphenylphosphonium (BuPh3P+). In glycolysing cells the highest value of delta psi, calculated on the assumption that there was no energy-dependent binding of BuPh3P+ to the(More)
In May 1998, three large outbreaks of salmonellosis, affecting 91 persons, were identified in the Republic of Georgia. Eighteen Salmonella Typhimurium strains were characterized by arbitrary primed polymerase chain reaction and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis; the results suggested that all cases were part of a single outbreak caused by a distinct clonal(More)
Technetium-HMPAO cerebral SPECT was performed interictally, immediately after an independent aura and ictally in a patient with complex partial seizures. Interictally there was a left inferior frontoparietal region of decreased perfusion. Ictally there were a number of foci of increased perfusion. The aura study showed focal hyperperfusion in the left(More)