J G Carrougher

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BACKGROUND Precise endoscopic measurement of esophageal landmarks is difficult and inaccurate because of the ability of the esophagus to lengthen and foreshorten. METHODS Nineteen patients enrolled to date in a study of Barrett's esophagus had an India ink tattoo placed at the most proximal level of the squamocolumnar junction and were examined(More)
Although some studies have suggested fewer venous complications are associated with midazolam than with diazepam for endoscopic procedures, this variable has not been well documented. We prospectively evaluated the incidence of venous complications after intravenous injection of diazepam or midazolam in 122 consecutive patients undergoing colonoscopy and(More)
One hundred thirty-eight patients with esophageal stricture underwent polyvinyl bougie dilations whereby American Endoscopy dilators were passed over a marked guidewire that had been placed endoscopically. Fluoroscopy was not utilized during the dilations. The dilations were performed only after the guidewire was properly placed, with 60-cm markings at the(More)
Eight of 69 males referred to a Hyperactivity Clinic for participation in psychopharmacological trials were not rated hyperactive by their primary caretaker on a parent symptom questionnaire. In comparison to eight boys for whom both parent and teacher ratings of hyperactivity were high, the group differed only in caretaker status. 'Situational' children(More)
It has been suggested that AIDS patients may have reduced gastric acid output. This is of concern because gastric acid may be required for absorption of oral antifungal agents that are important in AIDS management. The cause as well as the progression of reduced gastric acid output in AIDS patients is unclear. This study investigated gastric acid output in(More)
Laceration of the esophagus related to ingestion of tortilla corn chips has been described in the past. However, no cases of perforation of the esophagus are known to be associated with tortilla corn chip ingestion. We describe a case of previously undiagnosed achalasia in a patient who presented with an esophageal perforation after ingestion of tortilla(More)