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Three experiments tested whether empathy evokes egoistic motivation to share vicariously in the victim's joy at improvement (the empathic-joy hypothesis) instead of altruistic motivation to increase the victim's welfare (the empathy-altruism hypothesis). In Experiment 1, Ss induced to feel either low or high empathy for a young woman in need were given a(More)
The empathy-altruism hypothesis claims that prosocial motivation associated with feeling empathy for a person in need is directed toward the ultimate goal of benefiting that person, not toward some subtle form of self-benefit. We explored two new egoistic alternatives to this hypothesis. The empathy-specific reward hypothesis proposes that the prosocial(More)
(1988). Five studies testing two new egoistic alternatives to the empathy-altruism hypothesis. (2004). Cognitions associated with attempts to empathize: How do we imagine the perspective of another? 1 The views expressed in these documents, websites, or other products do not necessarily reflect the official policies of the U.S. Department of Health and(More)
  • C R Albright, Ashbrook, Aldwin, C M Levenson, Spiro, J C Maynard +233 others
  • 2011
use among young adults prior to entering the military. cognitive performance during a command and control simulation. combustion product analysis on an M16 rifle and a 105mm caliber gun. superiors and subordinates perceptions of military academy leadership. attributes and behaviors predicting emergence of leader effectiveness.efficacy in coping with(More)
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