Learn More
RNA-interference (RNAi) is a potent mechanism, conserved from plants to humans for specific silencing of genes, which holds promise for functional genomics and gene-targeted therapies. Here we show that bacteria engineered to produce a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting a mammalian gene induce trans-kingdom RNAi in vitro and in vivo. Nonpathogenic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Saccharomyces boulardii (Sb) is a probiotic yeast with anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial activities and has been used for decades in the prevention and treatment of a variety of human gastrointestinal disorders. We reported previously that Sb modulates host inflammatory responses through down-regulation of extracellular signal-regulated(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) has rapidly advanced from a laboratory observation into a major area of research within biology and medicine. RNAi is triggered by short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) of between 19 and 21 nucleotides in length, which induces the targeted cleavage of mRNA with sequences of homology to the siRNA. Because of its high degree of specificity(More)
High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a novel method which offers the non-invasive ablation of tissues without harming overlying organs or skin. It has been introduced successfully in urology for the ablation of prostatic hyperplasia and seems to be promising in the treatment of uterine fibroids. In this study we aimed to examine the feasibility and(More)
Targeting protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms by the small molecule inhibitor enzastaurin has shown promising preclinical activity in a wide range of tumor cells. We further delineated its mechanism of action in multiple myeloma (MM) cells and found a novel role of beta-catenin in regulating growth and survival of tumor cells. Specifically, inhibition of PKC(More)
In contrast to normal cells, malignant cells are frequently aneuploid and contain multiple centrosomes. To allow for bipolar mitotic division, supernumerary centrosomes are clustered into two functional spindle poles in many cancer cells. Recently, we have shown that griseofulvin forces tumor cells with supernumerary centrosomes to undergo multipolar(More)
Live bacterial vectors may be useful tools for the development of novel cancer therapies that can be added to the repertoire of existing drugs. Several bacterial strains effectively colonize solid tumors and act as antitumor therapeutics. The naturally occurring tumor-colonizing characteristics of bacterial species such as Salmonella sp, Clostridium sp and(More)
Over the last few years, RNA Interference (RNAi), a naturally occurring mechanism of gene regulation conserved in plant and mammalian cells, has opened numerous novel opportunities for basic research across the field of biology. While RNAi has helped accelerate discovery and understanding of gene functions, it also has great potential as a therapeutic and(More)
Influenza A viruses pose significant health and economic threats to humans and animals. Outbreaks of avian influenza virus (AIV) are a liability to the poultry industry and increase the risk for transmission to humans. There are limitations to using the AIV vaccine in poultry, creating barriers to controlling outbreaks and a need for alternative effective(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) has been established as an important research tool that carries great potential for gene therapy. However, targeted induction of RNAi in vivo has met with significant challenges. In this study, a novel pSLS plasmid capable of expressing short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) was transformed into attenuated Salmonella enterica serovar(More)