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Coastal environments are among the most productive on the planet, providing a wide range of ecosystem services. Development and exploitation mean that they are faced with stresses from a number of anthropogenic sources. Such stresses are typically studied in isolation, but multiple stressors can combine in unexpected ways to alter the structure of(More)
Most inherently distributed systems require self diagnosis and on-line monitoring. This is especially true in the domains of power transmission and mobile communication. Much effort has been expended in developing on-site monitoring systems for distributed power transformers and mobile communication base stations. In this paper, a new approach has been(More)
Impacts of anthropogenic pollution on marine ecosystems are being addressed by legislation to protect and restore coastal and transitional waters. A range of biological measures have been investigated for their ability to indicate anthropogenic disturbance in subtidal soft-sediment habitats, but little work to date has focussed in intertidal habitats. This(More)
Sandbanks are marine habitats of conservation importance under the EU Habitats Directive. These habitats are becoming subject to impacts of several human activities including fishing, aggregation extraction, and construction of offshore wind farms that may have detrimental effects on their structure and functioning. We characterised and compared the(More)
Sustainable exploitation of coastal ecosystems is facilitated by tools which allow reliable assessment of their response to anthropogenic pressures. The Infaunal Quality Index (IQI) and Multivariate-AMBI (M-AMBI) were developed to classify the ecological status (ES) of benthos for the Water Framework Directive (WFD). The indices respond reliably to the(More)
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