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BACKGROUND The establishment and maintenance of cell polarity is crucial for many biological functions and is regulated by conserved protein complexes. The Par polarity complex consisting of Par3, Par6, and PKCzeta, in conjunction with Tiam1-mediated Rac signaling, controls apical-basal cell polarity in contacting epithelial cells. Here we tested the… (More)
Nucleotide excision repair, which is defective in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), involves incision of a DNA strand on each side of a lesion. We isolated a human gene homologous to yeast Rad1 and found that it corrects the repair defects of XP group F as well as rodent groups 4 and 11. Causative mutations and strongly reduced levels of encoded protein were… (More)
The integrity of the endothelial barrier is controlled by the combined action of chemical and mechanical signaling systems. Permeability-regulating factors signal through small GTPases to regulate the architecture of the cytoskeleton and this has a strong impact on the morphology and stability of VE-cadherin-based cell–cell junctions. The details of how… (More)
Mechanical forces are increasingly recognized as central factors in the regulation of tissue morphogenesis and homeostasis. Central to the transduction of mechanical information into biochemical signaling is the contractile actomyosin cytoskeleton. Fluctuations in actomyosin contraction are sensed by tension sensitive systems at the interface between… (More)
By beautiful imaging and state-of-the-art experiments, vinculin is established to be a central switch in mechanotransduction at integrin-based focal adhesions. Cycles of tension-regulated vinculin switching control focal adhesion dynamics and signaling to enable polarized cell migration and alignment.
A comparative nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hydrogen-bonded imino protons in a series of synthetic DNA fragments is presented. The fragments ATCCTA(Tn)TAGGAT are in principle capable of forming either a self-complementary hairpin loop structure (monomer form) or an interior loop structure (dimeric form). It has been shown, that for n = 1 only the… (More)
Synthetically-prepared 5'-NH2-dT(pdT)n oligomers (66,n=4 or 7) were immobilized on cyanogen bromide activated cellulose. The influence of temperature, pH, and ionic strength on the rate of the coupling process was studied. The oligomer 5'-NH2-DT(pdT)8 could be elongated enzymatically to the polymers 5'-NH2-dT(pdT)n (n=20, 51 and 84), which could be… (More)