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Mood stabilizing drugs lithium and valproate are the most commonly used treatments for bipolar disorder. Previous studies in our laboratory indicate that chronic treatment with lithium and valproate inhibits oxidative damage in primary cultured rat cerebral cortical cells. Glutathione, as the major antioxidant in the brain, plays a key role in defending(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the prevalence of, and discuss factors contributing to, household second-hand smoke exposure in six counties in China, providing scientific support for the need to establish tobacco control measures in these areas. METHODS A cross-sectional survey was performed. Investigators conducted face-to-face interviews using a standardised(More)
Chronic treatment with the mood stabilizer lithium is required to generate its mood stabilizing effect in the treatment of bipolar disorder. Our recent studies have shown that chronic lithium treatment increases mRNA and protein levels of the cytosolic glutathione s-transferase (GST) M1 isoenzyme. Cytosolic GST encompasses a family of detoxification enzymes(More)
Chronic restraint stress has been associated with induction of morphological changes in the hippocampus. Postsynaptically, these changes include decreased length and branching of apical dendrites from CA3 pyramidal neurons, while presynaptically, depletion and clustering of synaptic vesicles have been observed. However, the molecular correlates of these(More)
Amygdala function is altered in patients with bipolar disorder (BD), but may be normalized by treatment with mood stabilizers. Lithium remains the most effective mood stabilizing therapy for BD, but the relevance of its neuroprotective effects in pre-clinical studies to clinical outcomes is unknown, and the targeting of amygdalar neurons by therapeutic(More)
A cell-in-cell process refers to the invasion of one living cell into another homotypic or heterotypic cell. Different from non-apoptotic death processes of internalized cells termed entosis or cannibalism, we previously reported an apoptotic cell-in-cell death occurring during heterotypic cell-in-cell formation. In this study, we further demonstrated that(More)
Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB-ligand (RANKL), encoded by the gene TNFSF11, is required for osteoclastogenesis, and its expression is upregulated in pathologic bone loss. Transcript variants of TNFSF11 messenger RNA (mRNA) have been described that encode a membrane-bound and a putative secreted form of RANKL. We identify a TNFSF11 transcript(More)
Echinocandins and triazoles were proven to be effective antifungal drugs against invasive fungal infections (IFI), which may cause significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety between echinocandins and triazoles for the prophylaxis and treatment of fungal infections. PubMed,(More)
T-2 toxin has been shown to affect the central nervous system. Only recently have attempts been made to characterize the neurochemical perturbations associated with T-2 intoxication. To examine the effect of T-2 on regional brain biogenic monoamines and selected metabolites, male rats were dosed orally with T-2 toxin in corn oil at 0.1, 1.0 or 2.5 mg/kg(More)
β-Hydroxybutyric acid (BHBA) has recently been shown to regulate hormone synthesis and secretion in the hypothalamus. However, little is known about the effects of BHBA-mediated hormone regulation or the detailed mechanisms by which BHBA regulates growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) synthesis and secretion. In the present study, we examined the(More)