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We examined the effects of desferrioxamine (DFX), a potent inhibitor of the formation of oxygen-derived hydroxyl radicals, and nicotinamide (NIC), a poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase inhibitor and a weak free-radical scavenger, on two models of immune destruction of murine islets [i.e., allograft rejection and multiple low-dose streptozocin (STZ)-induced(More)
We studied the revascularization process of isogeneic islets grafted into the kidney subcapsular space of streptozotocin-induced diabetic and nondiabetic rats by a double-labeling, indirect immunofluorescence technique using a rabbit antiserum to human factor VIII-related antigen (which identifies endothelial cells) and a guinea pig anti-insulin antiserum(More)
Cryopreservation of islets of Langerhans is a necessary procedure since human pancreatic islet transplantation has become a reality for the clinical treatment of Type I, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Although successful cryopreservation of rodent and human islets is a well-established technique for islet storage after isolation and purification,(More)
The immunosuppressive drug cyclosporin-A (CsA) has been widely used to prevent pancreatic islet allograft rejection. Because it has been suggested that CsA may inhibit the process of revascularization of transplanted islets, the purpose of the study was to analyze by a double indirect immunofluorescence technique the revascularization process of isolated(More)
The revascularization of islets of Langerhans transplanted in heterotopic sites like the liver by portal vein embolization or the renal subcapsular space is a major process necessary for the viability of grafted cells. This process has been extensively studied by different techniques and the results have shown that islet revascularization is an early(More)
Cryopreservation is an effective method of islet storage and may facilitate clinical trials of islet transplantation. It was the aim of the present study to evaluate the in vitro viability of cryopreserved rat islets, including the response to nonglucose secretagogues and glucose oxidation. After pancreatic digestion via intraductal injection of(More)
Effective cryopreservation of pancreatic islets would be valuable in several contexts: for the assessment of islet cell viability, the measurement of beta-cell function, and the maintenance of viability and sterility prior to islet transplantation. In this study, isolated rat islets were cryopreserved or not following overnight culture and the most suitable(More)
Multistatic hyperbolic position location systems can accurately predict vehicle location in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) applications. The hyperbolic position location (PL) techniques described can provide centimeter accuracy for short range vehicle tracking and control applications. These PL techniques can also be used in wireless E-911 and(More)