J. F. Launay

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Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) a natural polyphenol present in medicinal plants, grapes and wines, has potent chemopreventive properties on intestinal carcinogenesis. A methylated derivative (Z-3,5,4'-trimethoxystilbene: R3) was synthesized. R3 at 0.3 microM exerted a 80% growth inhibition of human colon cancer Caco-2 cells and arrested growth(More)
We have developed an affinity chromatography method for the isolation of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) from soluble cytoplasmic extracts of rat pancreas. Among the ten proteins which copurify with pancreas tubulin on a colchicine derivatives-affinity chromatography, three polypeptides of respectively 58, 55 and 48 kDa strongly bind to the(More)
Hemidesmosomes (HDs) mediate adhesion of epithelial cells to the extracellular matrix and have morphological associations with intermediate-size filaments (IFs). Hemidesmosomal molecular components including HD1, the two bullous pemphigoid antigens, and the integrin alpha 6 beta 4 have been identified in HDs of stratified and complex epithelium. In this(More)
This article review summarizes data on cell-substratum adhesion complexes involved in the regulation of cellular functions in the intestine. We first focus on the molecular composition of the two main adhesion structures-the beta1 integrin-adhesion complex and the hemidesmosome-found in vivo and in two human intestinal cell lines. We also report the key(More)
Laminins are structurally and functionally major components of the extracellular matrix. Four isoforms of laminins (laminin-1, -2, -5 and -10) are expressed in a specific pattern along the crypt-villus axis of the intestine. Previous works indicated that expression of these isoforms is developmentally regulated and that laminins could modulate the behaviour(More)
Tau is a neuron-specific microtubule-associated protein (MAP) that is required for the development and maintaining neuronal cell polarity. Tau is encoded by a single gene, while its transcript undergoes a complex and regulated alternative splicing. We have recently reported that tau-like MAPs of 48-55 kDa, corresponding to 6 kb mRNA on northern blots, are(More)
In the present study, we report the existence of four tau-related microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) of 48, 50, 55 and 58 kDa in a pancreatic exocrine cell line (AR4-2J). Using immunofluorescence, we demonstrate that these tau-related MAPs are associated with microtubules in AR4-2J cells. That colocalization is particularly striking on microtubules(More)
Two cDNA probes complementary to fetal rat brain tau cDNA were produced by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and labelled by digoxigenin-11-dUTP incorporation during the PCR elongation step. These probes were tested for thein situ localization of tau mRNAs in sections of rat cerebellum. The hybridization signal was consistent with the known localization(More)
The effects of caerulein, vinblastine (VB), deuterium oxide (D2O), and cytochalasin B upon both the structure and the function of the pancreatic acinar cell were studied in vitro using rat pancreatic fragments. Caerulein (10 ng. per ml.) stimulates the release of enzymes and induces the appearance of numerous exocytotic images at the apical part of the(More)