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A recent note from our laboratory reported that L-band (1.2 GHz) electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy can be utilized in detecting the formation of Cr(V) intermediates from chromate-treated whole mice. Since Cr(V) is thought to be one of the key species in the mechanism of chromate's toxicity, we carried out additional measurements with improved(More)
Brown planthopper(BPH) is one of the most serious and destructive insect pests of rice in most rice growing regions of the world. In this study, two major resistance genes against BPH have been identified in an Oryza rufipogon (Griff.) introgression rice line, RBPH54. Inheritance of the BPH resistance in RBPH54 was studied by screening the resistance in(More)
The metabolism of nitrovasodilators such as glyceryl trinitrate and nitroprusside provides the active moiety of these drugs (that is, nitric oxide). This process is not limited to the known nitrovasodilators, but also occurs with nitroaromatic antimicrobials. Here we report that the administration of hydroxyurea, an antitumor drug, to rats at(More)
The generation of reactive oxygen species by Co(II) from H2O2 in the presence of chelators and related DNA damage was investigated by electron spin resonance (ESR), electrophoretic assays, and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Incubation of Co(II) with beta-alanyl-3-methyl-L-histidine (anserine) and H2O2 generated .OH radicals. Omission of any(More)
To investigate the effect of mannose on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced acute lung injury (ALI) in rats. Ten groups of Sprague–Dawley rats were used: 1) the control group received an intratracheal instillation of saline, 2) the LPS group received an intratracheal instillation of LPS (3 mg/kg), 3–6) the mannose groups were injected i.v. with 15, 45, 135,(More)
The objective of this study was to elucidate the nitric oxide-forming reactions of the iron-N-methyl-D-glucamine dithiocarbamate (Fe-MGD) complex from the nitrogen-containing compound hydroxyurea. The Fe2+(MGD)2 complex is commonly used in electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopic detection of NO both in vivo and in vitro. The reaction of(More)
The spin-trapping technique in conjunction with a low-frequency electron paramagnetic (or spin) resonance (EPR or ESR) spectrometer was used to detect the hemoglobin thiyl free radical in living rats using a whole body resonator. The hemoglobin thiyl free radical was formed following the intragastric administration of phenylhydrazine at the LD50 dose of 188(More)
The biochemical sequelae to chloroethyl mustard exposure correspond very well to toxic processes initiated by free radicals. Additionally, mustard solutions contain spontaneously formed cyclic onium ions which produce carbon free radicals when reduced electrochemically. Therefore, we hypothesized that the onium ions of sulfur or nitrogen mustards might(More)
The variety of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (B. burgdorferi) genospecies leads to distinction in clinical manifestations of Lyme borreliosis (LB). There are reports of LB clinical characteristics in China, where the B. burgdorferi genospecies in ticks and animal hosts are different from those in Europe and North America. During May to September in 2010(More)
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