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HYPOTHESIS The purpose of this study is to evaluate the muscle activity with surface electromyography (EMG) and the clinical outcome of the latissimus dorsi transfer. It remains unclear whether the clinical results of the latissimus dorsi transfer for massive posterosuperior rotator cuff tears are achieved either by active muscle contractions or by a(More)
Surgical repair of posterosuperior rotator cuff tears has a poorer outcome and a higher rate of failure compared with repairs of supraspinatus tears. In this prospective cohort study 28 consecutive patients with an irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tear after failed conservative or surgical treatment underwent teres major tendon transfer. Their mean(More)
BACKGROUND The Western Ontario rotator cuff index (WORC) is an increasingly applied condition-specific outcome measure for rotator cuff (RC) conditions. However, in most WORC validation studies, only a limited number of psychometric properties are studied in indistinct patient groups. PURPOSE To assess psychometric properties of the WORC according to the(More)
Cranial translation of the humeral head is related to massive rotator cuff tears; however, it may be unapparent in early-stage tears. The goal of this study was to investigate whether active abduction leads to increased active cranial humeral translation in early-stage tears. We assessed 20 consecutive patients (9 full-thickness supraspinatus tears, 11(More)
HYPOTHESIS The purpose of this study was to determine the minimal detectable change (MDC) for the Constant score in patients with impingement, a supraspinatus tear, or a massive rotator cuff (RC) tear as observed changes smaller than the MDC might be the result of measurement error. METHODS The Constant score was recorded in a total of 180 patients,(More)
BACKGROUND Subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS) and scapular dyskinesis are closely associated, but the role of pain is unknown. We hypothesized that pain results in asymmetrical scapular kinematics, and we expected more symmetrical kinematics after infiltration of subacromial anaesthetics. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of subacromial anaesthetics on(More)
BACKGROUND Disability of the shoulder joint is often caused by a tear in the rotator cuff (RC) muscles. Four RC muscles coordinate shoulder movement and stability, among them the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscle which are predominantly torn. The contribution of each RC muscle to tear pathology is not fully understood. We hypothesized that muscle(More)
Open reduction and internal fixation using tension-band wires for displaced olecranon fractures enables restoration of extensor function. We report on 3 elderly patients with a displaced olecranon fracture who underwent open reduction and internal fixation using sutures as the Kirschner wire and tension-band wire and achieved good outcome.
BACKGROUND Assessment of muscle atrophy and fatty degeneration in brachial plexus injury (BPI) could yield valuable insight into pathophysiology and could be used to predict clinical outcome. The objective of this study was to quantify and relate fat percentage and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the biceps to range of motion and muscle force of traumatic(More)
Chronic muscle diseases are highly prevalent in the elderly causing severe mobility limitations, pain and frailty. The intrinsic molecular mechanisms are poorly understood due to multifactorial causes, slow progression with age and variations between individuals. Understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms could lead to new treatment options which are(More)