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This paper is devoted to the construction of a complete database which is intended to improve the implementation and the evaluation of automated facial reconstruction. This growing database is currently composed of 85 head CT-scans of healthy European subjects aged 20-65 years old. It also includes the triangulated surfaces of the face and the skull of each(More)
A quantitative study of the elastic fibres found in the human temporomandibular disc and its attachments was performed. Seven left discs from 57- to 82-year-old subjects, without macroscopic evidence of a TMJ disorder, were analysed and prepared in parasagittal sections. The surface amount was measured, thresholded and expressed from 0 to 1, using(More)
The authors carried out an anatomic and magnetic resonance imaging study of the architecture of the elevator muscles of the mandible in 169 cadavers. The aim of this study was to define the architectural organization of the human masseter muscle, temporalis and pterygoid muscles. Layered dissections and anatomic sections in different spatial planes showed(More)
The authors have studied the medial pterygoid muscle on 179 fresh cadavers using anatomical dissection and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The aim of this study was to define the general morphology and architectural organisation of the human medial pterygoid. Plane by plane dissection, anatomical sections in different spatial planes on half heads and(More)
This is a histological study of the human temporo-mandibular joint and its surrounding muscles. Using a microscopic study of serial sections from anatomical specimens from six subjects, the detailed anatomy of the joint is presented with particular regard to the histology. This study has allowed, in particular, the description of the ligaments and capsule(More)
The authors studied the lateral pterygoid muscle of 179 fresh cadavers by both anatomical dissection and magnetic resonance imaging. The aim was to define the general morphology and the architectural organisation of the lateral pterygoid muscle. Dissection plane by plane, anatomical sections in different planes of space and dissections via multiple(More)
The aim of this preliminary study was to standardize the reading of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The MRI was conducted on a control group of eight subjects. In this study, the analysis of joint relationships was limited to the oblique sagittal plane, during the movement of controlled opening. The sections were(More)
A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of the layout of the aponeurotic layers of the masseter muscle was done on a series of 18 patients, aged from 6 to 79 years. The study was undertaken in parallel with a study on 169 cadavers to correlate the anatomical dissection and MRI findings. The aims were as follows. On the cadavers, the results of dissection(More)
The authors carried out an anatomical and magnetic resonance imaging study on the architecture of the mandibular elevator muscles of 169 cadavers. The aim of the study was to define the organisational architecture of the human masseter, temporal and pterygoid muscles. Layer by layer dissection and anatomical cuts in different spatial planes showed that the(More)
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