J-F Gaudy

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In conscious intact cats, oxygen breathing for up to 1 h does not modify ventilation, and the ventilatory response to CO2 in hyperoxia is not consistently decreased. However, oxygen breathing induces sustained hyperventilation in conscious cats after carotid body denervation. In anesthetized cats, oxygen breathing provokes a hypoventilation which is(More)
A protocol for selective ordering of 12 preoperative tests, according to clinical status and type of surgery, was prospectively tested for one year in a teaching hospital. 3866 consecutive surgical patients had an average of about 4 tests each. The possible value of tests that were omitted was assessed in the light of events during and after operation.(More)
The effects of 33% nitrous oxide on the two components of the blink reflex were studied on seven healthy volunteers. The blink responses were elicited by a supraorbital nerve stimulation and recorded from the ipsilateral orbicularis oculi muscle. The intensity of stimulation was chosen at two to three times the reflex threshold in order to obtain stable(More)
The bronchodilator effects of ketamine were examined in human bronchial preparations contracted maximally with histamine, acetylcholine, barium chloride or potassium chloride. Antagonism between ketamine and either histamine or acetylcholine was examined also. Ketamine caused bronchial relaxation irrespective of the constricting agent, and exerted a partial(More)
In nine cats and nine human subjects anesthetized with alfaxalone, respiratory activity and tracheal pressure were recorded prior to and during occlusion of the airway at end inspiration or end expiration. Lung inflations at the end of expiration were also performed. In addition, the ventilatory pattern was analyzed during hypercapnia. The results show that(More)
The tidal volume-inspiratory duration relationship was studied during air breathing and rebreathing in conscious and anesthetized human subjects using three different intravenous agents. The results observed have been compared with similar experiments carried out in cats. Its has been shown that anesthesia provokes an increase in breathing rate associated(More)
The effect of post-operative epidural morphine analgesia on pulmonary function was assessed after abdominal surgery and compared to conventional analgesia. In a control group, ten patients received a parenteral analgesic, non-narcotic drug. In a second group of 11 patients, epidural morphine was injected after the operation and continuous analgesia was(More)
The comparative effects of low doses (0.03-0.04 mg/kg) of epidural morphine on a nociceptive flexion reflex of the lower limb and on postoperative pain in volunteer patients were studied after orthopedic surgery on one knee. According to the stimulation parameters, it was found that 40-50 min after the injection, morphine produced an increase of 87% and 83%(More)
The use of routine investigations is widespread in medical practice, particularly for preoperative assessment. Recent studies showed that some routine preoperative investigations are uninformative when ordered without a clinical indication. The rationale for preoperative investigations includes emphasis on history taking and clinical examination, as well as(More)
In six dogs anaesthetized with Althesin, minute ventilation, respiratory rate, tidal volume, PaO2 and PaCO2 were measured while breathing air (F/O2 = 0.21), and then after correction of hypoxaemia (F/O2 = 0.35), and again while breathing 100% oxygen (F/O2 = 1.00). The administration of 35% oxygen corrected the hypoxaemia (PaO2 = 8.98 +/- 0.76 kPa in air;(More)