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Most radiotracers used in dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) scanning act in a linear time-invariant fashion so that the measured time-course data are a convolution between the time course of the tracer in the arterial supply and the local tissue impulse response, known as the tissue residue function. In statistical terms the residue is a life table(More)
25 patients with relapsed B-cell lymphomas were evaluated with trace labelled doses (2.5 mg/kg, 185-370 MBq [5-10 mCi]) of 131I-labelled anti-CD20 (B1) antibody in a phase II trial. 22 patients achieved 131I-B1 biodistributions delivering higher doses of radiation to tumour sites than to normal organs and 21 of these were treated with therapeutic infusions(More)
Biochemical and molecular imaging of cancer using positron emission tomography (PET) plays an increasing role in the care of cancer patients. Most clinical work to date uses the glucose analogue [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) to detect accelerated and aberrant glycolysis present in most tumors. Although clinical FDG PET has been used largely to detect and(More)
UNLABELLED Studies in animals and postmortem human brain tissue support a role for P-glycoprotein in clearance of cerebral β-amyloid across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). We tested the hypothesis that BBB P-glycoprotein activity is diminished in Alzheimer disease (AD) by accounting for an AD-related reduction in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). (More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) can be used to measure tumor metabolism in sarcomas by measuring the standard uptake value (SUV) of (F-18) fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). FDG-PET SUV has been shown to correlate with histological grade. We compared FDG-PET SUV in 89 bone and soft tissue sarcomas with histopathological features, including tumor grade, as well as(More)
Radiolabeled antibodies have produced encouraging remissions in patients with chemotherapy-resistant hematological malignancies; however, the selection of therapeutic radionuclides for clinical trials remains controversial. In this study, we compared the internalization, lysosomal targeting, metabolism, and cellular retention of radiolabeled murine and(More)
Malignant brain tumors pose diagnostic and therapeutic problems. Despite the advent of new brain imaging modalities, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and [F-18]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET), determination of tumor viability and response to treatment is often difficult. Blood-brain barrier disruption can be caused by(More)
Relapsed mantle cell lymphoma is a radiation-sensitive malignancy that is unlikely to be cured by treatment with conventional high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation. We tested the safety and efficacy of using a CD20-specific monoclonal antibody conjugated with (131)I to deliver high-dose radiation selectively to all lymphoma sites.(More)
In vivo measurement of local tissue characteristics by modern bioimaging techniques such as positron emission tomography (PET) provides the opportunity to analyze quantitatively the role that tissue heterogeneity may play in understanding biological function. This paper develops a statistical measure of the heterogeneity of a tissue characteristic that is(More)
Improved methods for attaching radioiodine to monoclonal antibodies have been developed. Ten aryl carbohydrate adducts were synthesized by the reductive amination of a carbohydrate with an aryl amine, using sodium cyanoborohydride as a reducing agent. After purification by chromatography and characterization by nuclear magnetic resonance they were iodinated(More)