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BACKGROUND In animal models, brief periods of ischemia performed just at the time of reperfusion can reduce infarct size, a phenomenon called postconditioning. In this prospective, randomized, controlled, multicenter study, we investigated whether postconditioning may protect the human heart during coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction. (More)
AIMS Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a major cause of heart failure with a high familial recurrence risk. So far, the genetics of DCM remains largely unresolved. We conducted the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify loci contributing to sporadic DCM. METHODS AND RESULTS One thousand one hundred and seventy-nine DCM patients and 1108(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia has been shown to constitute an independent risk factor for premature occlusive arterial disease (N Engl J Med 324:1149), a frequent complication in chronic uremic patients in whom homocysteine (Hcy) accumulation has been reported to occur. We prospectively determined fasting plasma level of total, protein-bound Hcy in 118 adult chronic(More)
BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated that ischemic postconditioning decreases creatine kinase release, a surrogate marker for infarct size, in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Our objective was to determine whether ischemic postconditioning could afford (1) a persistent infarct size limitation and (2) an improved recovery of myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental and clinical evidence suggests that cyclosporine may attenuate reperfusion injury and reduce myocardial infarct size. We aimed to test whether cyclosporine would improve clinical outcomes and prevent adverse left ventricular remodeling. METHODS In a multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial, we assigned 970 patients with an acute(More)
BACKGROUND Moderate hyperhomocysteinaemia, as occurs in chronic renal failure patients, is an established independent risk factor for atherosclerotic arterial occlusive accidents, the incidence of which is abnormally high in such patients. Folic acid supplementation has been shown to reduce plasma homocysteine level in end-stage renal disease patients(More)
BACKGROUND Cystinosis is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by an accumulation of intralysosomal cystine due to a defect in cystine transport across the lysosomal membrane. This disorder can be treated specifically using high doses of cysteamine. Accurate measurement of intracellular cystine content is necessary for the diagnosis and(More)
Moderate hyperhomocysteinemia, a risk factor for premature atherosclerosis, is present in chronic uremic patients. We prospectively evaluated the effects of sequential supplementation with pyridoxine (70 mg/day) and folic acid (10 mg/day) for two 3-month periods in 37 nondialyzed patients (29 males) with creatinine clearance (CCr) ranging from 10 to 80(More)
We report an inborn error of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase deficiency, in three siblings with hypotonia, metabolic acidosis, and hyperlactatemia immediately after birth. Neurologic deterioration resulted in death at about 30 months of age. We propose low molar ratios of ketone bodies in plasma of neonates with congenital(More)
The effects of three antiarrhythmic drugs were investigated in anesthetized, open-chest pigs, in a left ventricular area, under pacing at a constant high rate (180 beats/min), in the absence and presence of ischemia. Ischemia was produced by transient complete occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery near its origin. In addition to the(More)