• Citations Per Year
Learn More
The in vivo administration of hydroxyurea for 12 h counteracts DNA synthesis and cell cycling stimulated by 72 h of isoproterenol treatment in rat salivary gland, as determined by fluorescence-activated flow cytometry. Hydroxyurea has little effect on [3H]leucine incorporation (protein synthesis) of the nuclear proteins soluble in 0.35 M NaCl, when examined(More)
The carcinogen, 2-naphthylamine (2-NA), induces tumor formation in the urinary bladder but not the liver of several species, including humans and dogs. Since its proximate carcinogenic metabolite, N-hydroxy-2-NA, was known to react directly with DNA in vitro to give specific carcinogen-base adducts, we investigated the in vivo formation and persistence of(More)
The effect of dietary restriction (DR) on the proportion of cells in various phases of the cell cycle as determined by flow cytometry was investigated in the bone marrow and kidney of young and old Fischer 344 rats. Control rats were fed a standard occurrence of numerous age-associated diseases, including cancer, renal diseases and by the control rats(More)
1. Incorporation of radioactive phosphate or leucine by stress proteins from rodent lymphoma, submaxillary and liver nuclei were observed in two-dimensional gels following chemical and environmental stress. 2. The stress proteins were isolated from second-dimension gels and their similarities compared. Mol. wt determinations, immunochemical blotting and(More)
Exposure of HL-60 cells to 2 microM retinoic acid (RA), twice the dose necessary for differentiation, initiated rapid synthesis (2 h) of the nuclear stress proteins (SPs) e.g., 90, 70c, 70x, 22 (Mr x 10(-3)) during the G0 + G1 phase of the cell cycle as observed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). Synthesis of SPs was cell cycle correlated and not(More)
We have previously demonstrated that stress proteins (SPs) are synthesized in tissues in which malformations are later observed following treatment with the developmental toxicant, retinoic acid (RA), on day 11 of gestation (GD 11). These proteins were not synthesized in tissues which did not present with malformations near partuition. The purpose of the(More)
Several proteins have been shown to be synthesized in response to various environmental stimuli, including treatment with teratogens. The role of these proteins in the teratogenic process is unknown. Pregnant A/J mice were treated with either a teratogenic or a non-teratogenic dose of the anticonvulsant drug, phenytoin (PHT). Protein synthesis in embryonic(More)
Retinoic acid (RA) is teratogenic in rodents and also induces the synthesis of stress proteins in fetal mouse limb buds. To determine if the RA induction of stress proteins is target tissue specific, pregnant CD-1 mice were gavaged with 100 mg/kg RA on day 11 of gestation, and nuclei isolated from tissues susceptible to RA-induced malformations (target(More)
Biochemical analysis of proteins extracted from mammalian cell nuclei which were sorted according to DNA content was greatly simplified using a special collection device to recover sorted nuclei. The device was developed for use with a sorting flow cytometer to provide sufficient numbers of particles to achieve adequate sensitivity and resolution while(More)
A portion of our research involves the investigation of biomarkers as preclinical indicators of toxic stress. Stemming from this effort, we report three unique proteins that phosphorylate and synthesize during the S-phase of lymphoma cells following chemical insult. Mouse lymphoma cell nuclei were physically sorted (using a fluorescence activated cell(More)