J-F Allemand

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Single linear DNA molecules were bound at multiple sites at one extremity to a treated glass cover slip and at the other to a magnetic bead. The DNA was therefore torsionally constrained. A magnetic field was used to rotate the beads and thus to coil and pull the DNA. The stretching force was determined by analysis of the Brownian fluctuations of the bead.(More)
We describe a simple computation of the worm-like chain model and obtain the corresponding force-versus-extension curve. We propose an improvement to the Marko and Siggia interpolation formula of Bustamante et al (Science 1994, 265:1599-1600) that is useful for fitting experimental data. We apply it to the experimental elasticity curve of single DNA(More)
The elastic properties of DNA are essential for its biological function. They control its bending and twisting as well as the induction of structural modifications in the molecule. These can affect its interaction with the cell machinery. The response of a single DNA molecule to a mechanical stress can be precisely determined in single-molecule experiments(More)
We investigate structural transitions within a single stretched and supercoiled DNA molecule. With negative supercoiling, for a stretching force >0.3 pN, we observe the coexistence of B-DNA and denatured DNA from sigma approximately -0.015 down to sigma = -1. Surprisingly, for positively supercoiled DNA (sigma > +0.037) stretched by 3 pN, we observe a(More)
We study DNA supercoiling in a quantitative fashion by micromanipulating single linear DNA molecules with a magnetic field gradient. By anchoring one end of the DNA to multiple sites on a magnetic bead and the other end to multiple sites on a glass surface, we were able to exert torsional control on the DNA. A rotating magnetic field was used to induce(More)
Recent developments in the rapid sequencing, mapping, and analysis of DNA rely on the specific binding of DNA to specially treated surfaces. We show here that specific binding of DNA via its unmodified extremities can be achieved on a great variety of surfaces by a judicious choice of the pH. On hydrophobic surfaces the best binding efficiency is reached at(More)
The ability to manipulate, stretch and twist biomolecules opens the way to an understanding of their structural transitions. We review some of the recently discovered stress-induced structural transitions in DNA as well as the application of single molecule manipulation techniques to DNA unzipping and to the study of protein folding/unfolding transitions.
We present a simple method to stretch DNA molecules close to a surface without any chemical modification of either the molecules or the surface. By adjusting the pH of the solution, only the extremities of DNA molecules are tethered to a glass coverslip made hydrophobic, while stretching is achieved using a hydrodynamic flow. These extended molecules(More)
Molecular motors are enzymatic proteins that couple the consumption of chemical energy to mechanical displacement. In order to elucidate the translocation mechanisms of these enzymes, it is of fundamental importance to measure the physical step size. The step size can, in certain instances, be directly measured with single-molecule techniques; however, in(More)
This report examines the organization properties of new fluorescent DNA-lipids, either alone in water or in interaction with 1-octyl-beta-d-glucopyranoside micelles or egg phosphatidylcholine vesicles. We first describe the design and the syntheses of the conjugates. Then, we use UV-Vis absorption, steady-state fluorescence emission, electron microscopy,(More)