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Generation and maintenance of an effective repertoire of T cell antigen receptors are essential to the immune system, yet the number of distinct T cell receptors (TCRs) expressed by the estimated 10(12) T cells in the human body is not known. In this study, TCR gene amplification and sequencing showed that there are about 10(6) different beta chains in the(More)
Improved polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods now permit a more in-depth analysis of the repertoire of T cells recovered in biological samples from mice and humans. At a certain level of resolution, the diversity of the T-cell repertoire can be readily estimated and clonal expansions become easily detectable. As discussed here by Christophe(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis is a multistep disorder associated with autoimmune features of yet unknown etiology. Implication of viruses such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in rheumatoid arthritis pathogenesis has been suspected on the basis of several indirect observations, but thus far, a direct link between EBV and rheumatoid arthritis has not been provided. Here(More)
A PCR-based method that determines VDJ junction size patterns in 24 human TCR V beta subfamilies was used to analyze T cells infiltrating sequential malignant melanoma biopsies for the presence of clonal expansions. Infiltrating T cell populations were found to present clonal expansions over a more or less complex polyclonal background. Two clones from a(More)
The diversity of the human TCR repertoire in aging has been studied by examining the profiles of complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) sizes expressed by the BV families. The TCRBV CDR3 profile, which shows size heterogeneity in young adult humans, is significantly restricted in aged humans. Clonal T cell expansions were identified using a PCR-based(More)
Vaccine-based strategies are currently under investigation as a means of inducing tumour-specific immune responses and improving the clinical outcome of multiple myeloma (MM) patients in remission after high-dose chemotherapy and peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) infusion. The immune competence of these patients was investigated by determining the(More)
Interaction of CD95 (Apo-1/Fas) and its ligand (CD95L) plays an important role in the regulation of the immune response, since CD95+ lymphocytes may be killed after engagement of the CD95 receptor. Studying the CD95/CD95L system in 40 cases of breast cancer, the malignant cells expressed CD95L, but lost CD95 expression, when compared with non-malignant(More)
Igs contain unique portions, collectively termed idiotypes (Id), that can be recognized by the immune system. Id expressed by tumor cells in B-cell malignancies can be regarded as tumor-specific antigens and a target for vaccine immunotherapy. We have started a vaccination trial in multiple myeloma (MM) using Id-specific proteins conjugated to keyhole(More)
Deficiency of CD95 (Apo-1/Fas)-mediated apoptosis has recently been found in some autoimmune lymphoproliferative disorders due to inherited mutations of the CD95 gene. In this study, impairment of CD95 ligand-mediated killing of lymphocytes and eosinophils in Churg-Strauss Syndrome (CSS), which was a result of variation of CD95 receptor isoform expression,(More)