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Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is associated with acquired or congenital deficiency of a plasma von Willebrand factor-cleaving protease (VWFCP). Based on partial amino acid sequence, VWFCP was identified recently as a new member of the ADAMTS family of metalloproteases and designated ADAMTS13. The 4.6-kilobase pair cDNA sequence for VWFCP has now been(More)
The structure of a complex between human alpha-thrombin and a GGTTGGTGTGGTTGG 15-nucleotide consensus sequence has been solved by x-ray crystallography and refined at 2.9-A resolution to an R value of 0.159. As in solution, in the complex the single-stranded DNA folds into a structure with two G-quartets. The DNA is sandwiched between two different(More)
  • J E Sadler
  • 2005
Everyone experiences minor bleeding and clotting, and many illnesses feature extremes of hemorrhage or thrombosis. Recent advances have illuminated the ways in which von Willebrand factor (VWF) contributes to both kinds of hemostatic emergency, whether mundane or life threatening, often through disturbances in VWF synthesis or catabolism. von Willebrand(More)
Enteropeptidase, a type II transmembrane serine protease, is localized to the brush border of the duodenal and jejunal mucosa. It is synthesized as a zymogen (proenteropeptidase) that requires activation by another protease, either trypsin or possibly duodenase. Active enteropeptidase then converts the pancreatic precursor, trypsinogen, to trypsin by(More)
Von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a blood glycoprotein that is required for normal hemostasis, and deficiency of VWF, or von Willebrand disease (VWD), is the most common inherited bleeding disorder. VWF mediates the adhesion of platelets to sites of vascular damage by binding to specific platelet membrane glycoproteins and to constituents of exposed connective(More)
Elevated levels of plasma homocysteine are associated with both venous and arterial thrombosis. Homocysteine inhibits the function of thrombomodulin, an anticoagulant glycoprotein on the endothelial surface that serves as a cofactor for the activation of protein C by thrombin. The effects of homocysteine on thrombomodulin expression and protein C activation(More)
A simplified phenotypic classification of von Willebrand disease is proposed that is based on differences in pathophysiology. Quantitative defects are divided into partial deficiency (type 1) and severe deficiency (type 3). Qualitative defects (type 2) are divided into four subcategories. Type 2A refers to variants with decreased platelet-dependent function(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of human von Willebrand factor (vWF) is presented. Most of the sequence was determined by analysis of the S-carboxymethylated protein. Some overlaps not provided by the protein sequence analysis were obtained from the sequence predicted by the nucleotide sequence of a cDNA clone [Sadler, J.E., Shelton-Inloes, B.B., Sorace,(More)
von Willebrand factor is a large multimeric plasma protein composed of identical subunits which contain four types of repeated domains. von Willebrand factor is essential for normal hemostasis, and deficiency of von Willebrand factor is the most common inherited bleeding disorder of man. Four human genomic DNA cosmid libraries and one bacteriophage lambda(More)
A cDNA library was prepared in lambda gt11 bacteriophage from poly(A)+ RNA isolated from primary cultures of endothelial cells from human umbilical vein. Approximately 2.5 million independent recombinants were screened and 2 of those were found to synthesize a fusion protein with beta-galactosidase that reacted with rabbit antibody against human von(More)