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Pig epizootic diarrhea virus cannot be grown in cell culture; for its characterization, intestinal perfusate material from a pig infected with the strain CV777 had to be used. In isopyknic sucrose gradients, a peak of virus-specific ELISA activity was detected at a density of 1.17 g/ml. Using immunoprecipitation of radioiodinated-purified virus material(More)
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) grown in cat lymphocyte and thymocyte cultures was labelled with L-[35S]methionine or [3H]glucosamine and virus-coded proteins were identified using immunoprecipitation. Polypeptides with apparent Mr values of 15K, 24K, 43K, 50K, 120K and 160K were detected. An additional polypeptide of 10K was detected by Western blot(More)
Using gut sections from pigs infected with porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (strain CV 777) and ascitic fluid from cats which had succumbed to feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), a weak cross reaction was found by immunofluorescence. Its specificity was confirmed when detergent-treated purified CV 777 showed a prominent reaction with FIPV antibodies in(More)
The synthesis and processing of the envelope glycoprotein precursor of the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) isolate FIV-UT113 was investigated in a persistently infected Crandell feline kidney cell line (CRFK) and in an eukaryotic expression system. Pulse-chase studies showed two glycoproteins after a 5 min pulse-labeling: a gp150 and a gp130 species.(More)
The presence of replication-competent retrovirus (RCR) in retroviral-based gene therapy products poses a potential safety risk for patients. Therefore, RCR testing of clinical gene therapy products and monitoring of patients enrolled in gene therapy trials is required to assure viral safety. The requirement to test ex vivo-transduced cells originates from(More)
Seven hybridomas that secreted monoclonal antibodies (MAB) against the peplomer protein and one that secreted MAB against the nucleocapsid protein of Berne virus (proposed family Toroviridae) were isolated. All MAB directed against the peplomer protein neutralized virus infectivity and, with the exception of MAB 6A7, inhibited each other's binding in(More)
The serotypes 1 and 2 of Breda virus from feces of experimentally infected gnotobiotic calves were studied with respect to their sedimentation and density properties in sucrose gradients and their structural polypeptides; Berne virus, the proposed prototype of the new family Toroviridae, was included for comparison. After Breda-1 virus had been stored at 4(More)
Using [3H]glucosamine and [3H]mannose labels, two virus-specific glycosylated polypeptide species with Mr values of about 200,000 (200K) and in the 75K to 100K range, respectively, were recognized in Berne virus-infected embryonic mule skin cells. In purified virions only the latter glycoprotein occurred. Concanavalin A was bound to the virion as evidenced(More)
In Berne virus-infected cells and in gradient-purified virions two major proteins with mol. wt. of 20K and 22K were detected. The 22K species is thought to represent the main envelope polypeptide; in infectious culture media it was present in a low envelope polypeptide; in infectious culture media it was present in a low density substructure which could be(More)
The proposed family Toroviridae is characterized by enveloped, peplomer-bearing particles containing an elongated tubular nucleocapsid of helical symmetry. The capsid may be bent into an open torus, conferring a biconcave disk or kidney shape on the virion (largest diameter 120-140 nm), or straight, resulting in a rod-shaped particle (dimensions 35 X 170(More)