Learn More
Angiotensin (ANG)-(1-7) constitutes an important functional end-product of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system that acts to balance the physiological actions of ANG II. In the kidney, ANG-(1-7) exerts beneficial effects by inhibiting growth-promoting pathways and reducing proteinuria. We examined whether a 2-wk treatment with a daily dose of ANG-(1-7)(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous (i.v.) iron is essential for managing haemoglobin levels in haemodialysis patients. However, i.v. iron may cause variable degrees of toxicity. This is mainly related to the pharmacological characteristics of any given i.v. iron compound. METHODS This blinded study examines the effects of five i.v. iron preparations on haemodynamic(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence suggests that treatment of type 2 diabetes with thiazolidinediones [peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) agonists], ameliorates glomerulosclerosis and tubulointerstitial fibrosis in the rat kidney. In the current work, we have investigated whether these drugs, and specifically pioglitazone (PGT), act by(More)
Iron sucrose originator (IS(ORIG)) has been used to treat iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia for decades. Iron sucrose similars (ISSs) have recently entered the market. In this non-clinical study of non-anemic rats, five doses (40 mg iron/kg body weight) of six ISSs marketed in Asian countries, IS(ORIG) or saline solution (control) were administered(More)
Hyperoxaluria is a recognized cause of tubulointerstitial lesions, and this could contribute to development of hypertension and chronic renal failure. Enalapril has been effective against the progression of tubulointerstitial lesions in various animal models. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of enalapril on the tubulointerstitial(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is a systemic pathological state of the endothelium characterized by a reduction in the bioavailability of vasodilators, essentially nitric oxide, leading to impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation, as well as disarrangement in vascular wall metabolism and function. One of the key factors in endothelial dysfunction is(More)
To investigate whether ANG II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor blockade could protect kidney mitochondria in streptozotocin-induced Type 1 diabetes, we treated 8-wk-old male Sprague-Dawley rats with a single streptozotocin injection (65 mg/kg ip; STZ group), streptozotocin and drinking water containing either losartan (30 mg.kg(-1).day(-1); STZ+Los group) or(More)
AIMS The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of aquaporin-1 (AQP-1) and aquaporin-2 (AQP-2) in the renal tubule of rats fed with a high-salt diet and its modulation by the AT1 receptor blocker losartan. MAIN METHODS The experiments were performed in four groups of rats fed for 3 weeks with the following diets: regular rat chow (NS);(More)
Local thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) may be involved in cardiac pathophysiology, but its role in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is still unknown. We studied whether local TRH is involved in LVH of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) by investigating TRH expression and its long-term inhibition by interference RNA (TRH-iRNA) during LVH development(More)
A large body of evidence indicates that proteinuria is a strong predictor of morbidity, a cause of inflammation, oxidative stress and progression of chronic kidney disease, and development of cardiovascular disease. The processes that lead to proteinuria are complex and involve factors such as glomerular hemodynamic, tubular absorption, and diffusion(More)