Learn More
OBJECTIVES Our objective was to evaluate in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study possible modifications in NT-pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels together with clinical and functional parameters, in a group of anemic patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and chronic renal failure (CRF) receiving(More)
PURPOSE Hyperoxaluria is a recognized cause of tubulointerstitial lesions and this circumstance could contribute to cause chronic renal disease. The renin-angiotensin system has a critical role in the development of interstitial fibrosis, mostly by angiotensin II type 1 receptor stimulation of pro-fibrotic mechanisms. We evaluated whether angiotensin II(More)
PURPOSE Hyperoxaluria is a recognized cause of tubulointerstitial lesions and it may contribute to chronic renal failure. In previous studies we demonstrated that enalapril was effective against the progression of tubulointerstitial lesions in a 4-week hyperoxaluria rat model. We evaluated whether the action of enalapril on the tubulointerstitial lesions(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Pioglitazone and other thiazolidinediones are renoprotective in diabetic nephropathy at doses that normalize glycemia, presumably as a consequence of glycemic control. However, low doses of pioglitazone that did not normalize glycemia in rat models of type 2 diabetes prevented tubulointerstitial fibrosis and glomerulosclerosis through(More)
Hyperoxaluria is a recognized cause of tubulointerstitial lesions, and this could contribute to development of hypertension and chronic renal failure. Enalapril has been effective against the progression of tubulointerstitial lesions in various animal models. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of enalapril on the tubulointerstitial(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether acute sodium overload could trigger an inflammatory reaction in the tubulointerstitial (TI) compartment in normal rats. Four groups of Sprague-Dawley rats received increasing NaCl concentrations by intravenous infusion. Control (C): Na+ 0.15 M; G1: Na+ 0.5 M; G2: Na+ 1.0 M; and G3: Na+ 1.5 M. Creatinine(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (AII) has been shown to contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertension and insulin resistance. In addition, the administration of selective AII type 1 receptor blockers has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity. However, only a few studies have addressed the molecular mechanisms involved in this association. Furthermore, in a(More)
INTRODUCTION Erectile dysfunction (ED) is highly associated to cardiovascular disease, especially arterial hypertension. Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) are both common and efficient therapy in patients with ED and arterial hypertension, respectively. AIM To evaluate the effect of PDE5 inhibitor,(More)
BACKGROUND A number of clinical entities, including nephrotic syndrome, present light to moderate enlargement of the liver due to accumulation of neutral fats (triglycerides) in the hepatocytes. Even though the outcome of hepatic steatosis does not seem to be harmful, when an additional inflammatory component is present, a variable degree of hepatic(More)
The present study examined whether chronic treatment with angiotensin (ANG)-(1-7) reduces cardiac remodeling and inhibits growth-promoting signaling pathways in the heart of fructose-fed rats (FFR), an animal model of insulin resistance. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either normal rat chow (control) or the same diet plus 10% fructose in drinking water. For(More)