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BACKGROUND Allergen extracts prepared from Dermatophagoides farinae contain significantly more endotoxin than Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus extracts, and extracts from both mite extracts contain more endotoxin than pollen extracts. Attempts to culture bacteria from mite cultures have failed to establish the sources of the endotoxin. OBJECTIVE To(More)
BACKGROUND Anaphylactic reactions (ARs) in high-risk pediatric patients undergoing general anesthesia, especially those with spina bifida, have been attributed to anesthetics, muscle relaxants, antimicrobials, ethylene oxide, and latex. METHODS To identify risk factors for AR during general anesthesia and to investigate the role of latex allergy, we(More)
Proteins in commercial latex products, derived from the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis, cause anaphylaxis in susceptible individuals, especially health care workers and children with spina bifida. To identify latex allergens, we utilized IgE from the serum of a latex-allergic health care worker to screen a cDNA library from Hevea latex. The identified cDNA(More)
The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) UL36-38 immediate-early (IE) locus encodes the UL37 exon 1 (pUL37x1) and UL37 (gpUL37) regulatory proteins, which have anti-apoptotic activities. pUL37x1 shares its entire sequence, including a hydrophobic leader and an acidic domain, with the exception of one residue, with the amino terminus of gpUL37. gpUL37 has, in(More)
Seven patients with type I hypersensitivity reactions to rubber are reported. Radioallergosorbent testing with crude latex antigen was positive in 6/7 patients. Five patients had coexisting spina bifida, and all had undergone surgery before the development of rubber allergy. Rubber allergy is a new phenomenon that should be in the differential diagnosis of(More)
BACKGROUND Endotoxin is a ubiquitous and potent proinflammatory agent. Previous limited studies suggest that it is pres-ent in allergen vaccines and that this could affect the safety and efficacy of allergen immunotherapy. The endotoxin content of standardized allergen vaccines is unknown. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to quantify the amount of(More)
The major allergens of honeybee venom, hyaluronidase (Hyal) and phospholipase A2, can induce life-threatening IgE-mediated allergic reactions in humans. Although conventional immunotherapy is effective, up to 40% of patients develop allergic side effects including anaphylaxis and thus, there is a need for an improved immunotherapy. A murine monoclonal(More)
BACKGROUND Mite allergen vaccines are important diagnostic and immunotherapeutic reagents. Previous studies on mite allergen stability under different storage conditions have yielded contradictory results. OBJECTIVE We sought to compare, over a 12-month period, the stability of mite allergens reconstituted in 50% glycerol and stored at different(More)
RATIONALE The competition ELISA assay is used to determine the potency of US standardized allergen extracts. We have been concerned that the competition ELISA is not sensitive to changes in individual allergen levels. This study was designed to determine the sensitivity of the competition ELISA to detect the specific loss of Bla g 1 and Bla g 2 in cockroach(More)