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We describe a cell-lineage marking system applicable to the vertebrate nervous system. The basis of the technique is gene transfer using the retroviral vector system. We used Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase as a marker gene and demonstrate a high level of expression of this marker from the viral long terminal repeat promoter, with simultaneous(More)
Experimental evidence suggests that CXCR4, a Gi protein-coupled receptor for the ligand CXCL12/stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha), plays a role in breast cancer metastasis. Transactivation of HER2-neu by G protein-coupled receptor activation has been reported as a ligand-independent mechanism of activating tyrosine kinase receptors. We found(More)
We have examined the effect of synthetic low molecular weight glycoamine analogues on the metastasis of MDA-MB-435 human breast carcinoma xenografts growing in the mammary fat pads of nude mice. Initial in vitro screening of a panel of synthetic glycoamines was performed using a clonogenic growth assay in 0.9% agarose. Eight of nine compounds manifested a(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the degree of anchorage-independent growth of human tumor cells in increasing concentrations of agarose correlated with the capacity of the cells to produce experimental metastases in nude mice. Human melanoma, breast carcinoma, and colon carcinoma cells from parental lines and variants selected in vivo for(More)
BACKGROUND By the time patients are diagnosed with ovarian carcinoma, peritoneal dissemination of the tumor often has occurred. The progressive growth and spread of ovarian carcinoma depend, in part, on the formation of an adequate blood supply. We determined whether the expression of genes that regulate distinct steps in angiogenesis (i.e., the formation(More)
Amplification or overexpression of c-erbB-2/neu protooncogene, or both, occur frequently in many different types of human cancers and have been shown to correlate with decreased survival in ovarian cancer patients. We have previously found that the ovarian carcinoma cell line SK-OV-3 overexpresses c-erbB-2/neu mRNA. To further study the biological effect of(More)
PURPOSE The chemokine receptors CCR7 and CXCR4 have been shown to play an important role in cancer metastasis. We therefore studied the differential expression of CCR7 and CXCR4, along with that of the biomarker HER2-neu, to evaluate whether these biomarkers could predict axillary lymph node metastasis in breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Biomarker(More)
Three human breast cancer cell lines from pleural effusions (MDA-MB-435, MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468) and one from a brain metastasis (MDA-MB-361) were tested for growth potential in vitro (minimum serum requirements, growth in semisolid agarose), for tumorigenicity and metastasis in nude mice following injection into the mammary fatpad (m.f.p.) and(More)
Poly(L-glutamic acid)-paclitaxel (PG-TXL) is a new water-soluble paclitaxel derivative that has shown remarkable antitumor activity against both ovarian and breast tumors. The purpose of this study was to test whether the antitumor efficacy of PG-TXL depends on tumor type, as is the case for paclitaxel, and to test whether paclitaxel-resistant tumors could(More)