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Seizure predisposition in Genetically Epilepsy-Prone Rats (GEPRs) is characterized by abnormal sensitivity to a number of seizure provoking stimuli. The GEPR model is composed of two independently derived colonies with each exhibiting a characteristic convulsive pattern. In response to a standardized sound stimulus, GEPR-3s exhibit moderate or clonic(More)
Norepinephrine (NE) concentrations were measured in 15 discrete areas of the central nervous system of two types of genetically epilepsy-prone rats (GEPRs) and in nonepileptic controls. Both moderate-seizure (GEPR-3) and severe-seizure (GEPR-9) animals had extensive abnormalities in brain NE concentration. Deficits of equal magnitude in GEPR-3s and GEPR-9s(More)
Two side effects which limit the use of cisplatin in cancer chemotherapy are severe nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity. The concurrent administration of sodium thiosulfate with cisplatin reportedly protects from cisplatin nephrotoxicity, however, protection from ototoxicity has not been documented. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of using(More)
Utilizing the Golgi technique, the present study provides a structural analysis of primate marginal (lamina I) neurons in the lumbosacral spinal cord. Marginal neurons are classified on the basis of major structural differences in dendritic conformation, distribution, and specialization. Cell size and shape alone were not found to be reliable criteria.(More)
Although numerous studies have shown that cochlear impairment exists in audiogenic-seizure (AGS)-susceptible mice, there is only one report of cochlear potentials obtained from AGS-susceptible rats. To investigate the hypothesis that cochlear impairment also exists in AGS rats, cochlear microphonics (CM) and the primary afferent activity of the auditory(More)
The organ of Corti of Genetically Epilepsy Prone Rats was examined anatomically and electrophysiologically using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrophysiological recording of alternating current cochlear potentials (ACCP) and N1, a volume conductor recording of the primary auditory afferent action potentials. ACCPs for GEPRs with low intensity(More)
Drugs that produce tinnitus can be subdivided into those which produce temporary or permanent hearing loss and those which apparently do not cause any hearing loss. The tinnitus occurring with drugs of the first group is probably secondary to the hearing loss. However, most of the drugs that produce tinnitus without an accompanying hearing loss probably do(More)
Common potentials used to evaluate cochlear function are the ac cochlear potential (ACCP), N1 and the positive dc endocochlear potential (EP). The ACCP is an electrical analogue of the sound stimulus; its source is the electrical activity of the cochlear hair cells. N1 is a volume conductor recorded action potential of the auditory nerve. The EP is the(More)
Ototoxic interaction between chloramphenicol and noise was studied in two separate investigations. In the first study, permanent ototoxicity was demonstrated in a group of rats which were subjected to short-duration, high-intensity noise and were then given chloramphenicol orally. The anatomical damage in this group was consistent with observed changes in(More)
The organ of Corti (OC) of the genetically epilepsy prone rat (GEPR), a strain which is highly susceptible to audiogenic seizures (AGS), was examined by means of the scanning electron microscope (SEM). Ten female GEPRs (seizure intensity score of 2 or 3) and 10 female control rats (seizure intensity score of 0) were used in this study. (Seizure intensity(More)