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The matrix metalloproteinases are a family of enzymes that degrade the extracellular matrix and are considered to be important in tumour invasion and metastasis. The effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP1) production in two human bladder tumour cell lines, RT112 and RT4, has been investigated. In the RT112 cell line, an(More)
The phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) (10 nM) produce a marked reduction in the growth, measured by thymidine uptake, of MCF-7 cells in full growth medium, but had only a small effect on MDA-MB-231 and T47D cells. Bryostatin alone also inhibited growth but to a lesser extent than seen with TPA. The effect of TPA on MCF-7 cells was(More)
The effect of EGF stimulation and its inhibition with gefitinib ('Iressa', ZD1839), an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been investigated in two EGFR-positive human bladder tumour cell lines, RT112 and RT4. The growth of RT112 cells in a medium containing 10% foetal bovine serum was inhibited by 50% with 10 microM(More)
BACKGROUND The standard treatment of choice for malignant pleural mesothelioma is chemotherapy with pemetrexed and platinum, but the clinical outcome is poor. This study investigates the response to pemetrexed in a panel of eight mesothelioma cell lines and the clinical outcome for patients treated with pemetrexed in relation to folate receptor alpha(More)
The effect of EGF and gefitinib on two EGFR-positive human bladder cancer cell lines has been investigated using array-based gene expression profiling. The most prominent transcript, increased up to 6.7-fold by EGF compared with controls in RT112 cells, was human early growth response protein 1 (hEGR1). This induction was prevented by gefitinib. The hEGR1(More)
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