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The role of betel quid chewing in the aetiology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was evaluated in a case–control study including 263 pairs of age- and sex-matched HCC patients and healthy controls. Serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and antibodies to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) were determined, and standardized personal interview conducted using a(More)
We conducted a case-control study to assess the roles of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha polymorphisms, substance use habits, and chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)/hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on the risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We enrolled 200 pairs of sex- and age-matched patients with HCC and unrelated healthy controls. TNF-alpha(More)
To assess the role of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and its interaction with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) on the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), this case-control study included 361 age- and sex-matched pairs of patients with histologically proven HCC and healthy control subjects. HBsAg, HBeAg and antibody to HBeAg (anti-HBe) were(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Host genetic factor and hepatic fibrosis may predispose to risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to assess the association between tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha polymorphism and hepatic fibrosis, and risk for HCC. METHODS One hundred eight pairs of gender-matched and age-matched patients with HCC and unrelated(More)
To evaluate the diagnostic application of serum insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), IGF-II and AFP were determined in 100 cirrhotic patients with HCC, 100 sex- and age-matched patients with cirrhosis alone and 50 healthy controls. The results indicated that IGF-II and AFP levels in(More)
To investigate whether hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are risk factors for liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a case-control study of 102 cirrhotic HCC patients, 102 sex-matched and age-matched patients with liver cirrhosis, and 102 matched patients with non-hepatic disease controls was performed. The(More)
To assess whether hepatitis B and C virus infection were risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), antibody to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV), hepatitis B surface antigen and e antigen (HBsAg and HBeAg) were tested in 150 HCC patients. Another 150 case-control pairs matched individually by sex and age were also enrolled. Univariate analysis(More)
We conducted a case-control study to elucidate the role of heat shock protein A1B (HSPA1B) 1267 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on the risk and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Subjects enrolled included 150 pairs of sex- and age-matched HCC patients and unrelated controls. Genomic DNA was typed for HSPA1B1267 SNP using polymerase chain(More)
To assess whether there is an additive effect between chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 400 consecutive cirrhotic patients were followed prospectively with periodic abdominal ultrasound examination and measurement of serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level every 4 months.(More)
To evaluate the diagnostic application of urinary transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), TGF-beta1 and AFP were determined in 94 patients with cirrhotic HCC and in 94 sex- and age-matched patients with cirrhosis alone. TGF-beta1 and AFP levels in HCC were higher than in(More)